OnThisDay

On This Day…

534 – Second and final revision of the Codex Justinianus published.
1532 – Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro captures Inca Emperor Atahualpa after a surprise ambush … Read more

On This Day…

1492 – Christopher Columbus notes 1st recorded reference to tobacco.
1884 – European Colonization and trade in Africa is officially regulated at the international Berlin … Read more

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1680 – Gottfried Kirch discovers the Great Comet of 1680 (Kirch’s Comet/Newton’s Comet). 1851 – Harper & Brothers published Herman Melville’s masterpiece, Moby Dick.
1896 … Read more

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1789 – Benjamin Franklin writes “Nothing . . . certain but death & taxes”.
1933 – 1st modern sit-down strike by Hormel meatpackers in Austin, … Read more

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764 – Tibetan troops occupy Chang’an for 15 days, capital of the Chinese Tang Dynasty.
1833 – The great Leonid meteor shower, in which hundreds … Read more

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1675 –  German mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz demonstrates integral calculus for the first time to find the area under the graph of y = f(x) … Read more

On This Day…

1813 – Chilpancingo congress declares Mexico independent of Spain.
1860 – Abraham Lincoln (Rep-R-Ill) elected 16th American President.
1888 – Benjamin Harrison of the Republican … Read more

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1605 – Catholic conspirator Guy Fawkes attempts to blow up King James I and the British Parliament. Guy Fawkes was caught, tortured and later executed … Read more

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1793 – French playwright, journalist and feminist Olympe de Gouges is guillotined
1838 – The Times of India, world’s largest circulated English language daily broadsheet … Read more

On This Day…

1875 – Verney Cameroon reaches Benguela in Angola, from Africa’s east coast, 1st European to cross equatorial Africa.

1936 – The British Broadcasting Corporation officially … Read more

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939 – Athelstan, the first king to rule over all of England, died.

1932 – American poet and novelist Sylvia Plath—whose best-known works are preoccupied … Read more

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1950 – China entered the Korean War on the side of North Korea against South Korea and the United Nations (UN), the United States is … Read more

On This Day…

1861 – The first transcontinental telegram was sent via the telegraph in the United States, effectively bringing to an end the Pony Express.

1945 – … Read more

On This Day…

1797 – The first parachute jump of note is made by André-Jacques Garnerin from a hydrogen balloon 3,200 feet above Paris.
1879 – Thomas Edison … Read more

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1812 – Napoleon began his disastrous retreat from Russia.

1781 – On this day in 1781, Britain’s Lord Cornwallis surrendered at Yorktown, Virginia, handing a … Read more

On This Day…

1775 – African-American poet Phillis Wheatley freed from slavery.

1867 – Alaska Purchase: the US takes formal possession of Alaska from Russia, having paid $7.2 … Read more

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1912 – Following the example of Montenegro, their smaller ally in the tumultuous Balkan region of Europe, Serbia and Greece declare war on the Ottoman … Read more

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1793 – Nine months after the execution of her husband, the former King Louis XVI of France, Marie Antoinette follows him to the guillotine.

1846 … Read more

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1581 – Commissioned by Catherine De Medici, the 1st ballet “Ballet Comique de la Reine” is staged in Paris.

1878 – Edison Electric Light Company … Read more

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1492 – Christopher Columbus’ expedition makes landfall on a Caribbean island he names San Salvador (likely Watling Island, Bahamas). The explorer believes he has reached … Read more

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1899 – The South African (Boer) War began between Great Britain and the two Boer (Afrikaner) republics—the South African Republic (Transvaal) and the Orange Free … Read more

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1855 – American inventor Isaac Singer patents sewing machine motor.

1930 – 1st transcontinental flight by a woman completed, Laura Ingalls.

1967 – Socialist

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1927 – “The Second Hundred Years” silent short film released starring Stan Laurel and Oliver Hardy – 1st Laurel and Hardy film with them appearing … Read more

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1889 – Moulin Rouge opens in Paris.

1889 – Thomas Edison shows his 1st motion picture.

1948 – Paleoanthropologist Mary Leakey finds the first partial … Read more

On This Day…

1789 – French Revolution: Women of Paris march to Versailles in the March on Versailles to confront Louis XVI about his refusal to promulgate the … Read more

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1883 – The Orient Express departs on its first official journey from Paris to Istanbul.

1927 – Sculpting begins on the face of Mount Rushmore … Read more

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1778 – Captain James Cook anchors at Alaska

1941 – “The Maltese Falcon” directed by John Huston and based off Dashiell Hammett’s 1929 novel of … Read more

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1836 – Naturalist Charles Darwin returned to England this day in 1836 after a five-year journey on the HMS Beagle, on which he gathered the … Read more

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1867 – Karl Marx’ “Das Kapital” published

1868 – “Little Women” by Louisa May Alcott is published in America by Roberts Brothers of Boston

1888 … Read more

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1542 – Explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, known as the “discoverer” of California, landed this day in 1542 near what is now San Diego and became … Read more

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1905 – The physics journal Annalen der Physik publishes Albert Einstein’s paper “Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?”, introducing the … Read more

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1849 – Ivan Pavlov, Russian physiologist and pioneer in psychology (Nobel Prize 1904), born in Ryazan, Russia.

1946 – 1st edition of Tintin (Kuifje), publishes … Read more

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1820 – French Physicist Francois Arago announces electromagnetism in his discovery that a copper wire between the poles of a voltaic cell could laterally attract … Read more

On This Day…

1692 – Last people hanged for witchcraft (8) in the US, 20 hanged overall during Salem Witch Trials.

1792 – The French First Republic formed … Read more

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1840 While experimenting with gallic acid, a chemical he was informed would increase the sensitivity of his prepared paper, William Henry Fox Talbot discovered that … Read more

On This Day…

1863 – Jacob Grimm, German philologist, folklorist and editor of  “Grimm’s Fairy Tales”, dies at 78.

1870 – Italian troops occupied Rome, leading to the … Read more

On This Day…

1893 – New Zealand becomes the first country to grant all women the right to vote.

1940 – Witold Pilecki is voluntarily captured and sent … Read more

On This Day…

1821 Central Americans granted independence. Central American notables accepted a plan drafted by the Mexican caudillo Agustin de Iturbide that brought independence from Spain to … Read more

On This Day…

1812 Great Fire of Moscow begins as Napoleon approaches the city and retreating Russians burn it – fire continues to burn for five days.

1849 … Read more

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1224 Francis of Assisi is afflicted with stigmata after a vision praying on Mount Verna.

1906 1st airplane flight in Europe

1947 T-Bone Walker … Read more

On This Day…

1940 4 teens, following their dog down a hole near Lascaux France, discover 17,000-year-old drawings now known as Lascaux Cave Paintings.

1977 South African activist … Read more

On This Day…

1885 English writer D.H.Lawerence is born.

1875 First newspaper cartoon slip.

1940 George Stibitz pioneers the first remote operation of a computer.

1942 Enid Blyton … Read more

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1897 George Smith becomes the first person to be arrested for drunk driving after slamming his cab into a building.

1919 Austria and the Allied … Read more

On This Day…

1836 Ralph Waldo Emerson publishes his influential essay “Nature” in the US, outlining his beliefs in transcendentalism

1941 American singer and songwriter Otis Redding, one … Read more

On This Day…

1504 Michelangelo’s statue of David is unveiled to the public in Piazza della Signoria, Florence.

1565 Marking the end of a historical Siege where the … Read more

On This Day…

1603 Queen Elizabeth I was born. Elizabeth I ruled England and Ireland from 1558 till her death in 1603.

1776 First submarine attack during the … Read more