OnThisDay

On This Day…

1265– First English Parliament summoned other than by royal command (in this instance by Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester) mets in Westminster HallRead more

On This Day…

379 – Theodosius installed as co-emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire.
1812 – Peninsular War: After a ten-day siege, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, Read more

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588 BCNebuchadrezzar II of Babylon lays siege to Jerusalem under Zedekiah’s reign. The siege lasts until July 23, 586 BC.
1535 – Henry Read more

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49 – BC Julius Caesar defies the Roman Senate and crosses the Rubicon, uttering “alea iacta est” (the die is cast), signaling the Read more

On This Day…

1610 – During this month in 1610, Italian astronomer Galileo made the earthshaking discoveries that four moons revolve around Jupiter and that the telescope reveals Read more

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Celebrated annually this day, Epiphany is a major feast that commemorates, for Western Christians, the coming of the Magi and, for Eastern Orthodox Christians, Jesus’ Read more

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1847 – Samuel Colt sells his first revolver pistol to the United States government.
1865 – New York Stock Exchange opens its 1st permanent headquarters Read more

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1496 – Leonardo da Vinci unsuccessfully tests a flying machine.
1521 – Martin Luther is Excommunicated by Pope Leo X from the Roman Catholic Church Read more

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1600The East India Company, formed for the exploitation of trade with East and Southeast Asia and India, was incorporated by English royal charter.Read more

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1460 – Wars of the Roses: Battle of Wakefield (Northern England), Duke of York killed and his forces soundly defeated by forces for King Henry Read more

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1835– Treaty of New Echota is signed between the US government and representatives of a minority Cherokee political faction to cede all lands of Read more

On This Day…

1065– Westminster Abbey in London consecrated.
1612– First observation of Neptune - Galileo observes and records a “fixed star” without realising it is Read more

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1492– 1st Spanish settlement La Navidad in the New World is founded by Christopher Columbus (modern Môle-Saint-Nicolas in Haiti).
1792– Trial Read more

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1– 1st Christmas, according to calendar-maker Dionysus Exiguus.
800 – Pope Leo III crowns Charles the Great (Charlemagne), Roman Emperor.
1066  William the Read more

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563 - The Byzantine church Hagia Sophia in Constantinople is dedicated for the second time after being destroyed by earthquakes.
1565 – Compromise of the Read more

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962 - Byzantine-Arab Wars: Under the future Emperor Nicephorus Phocas, Byzantine troops stormed city of Aleppo, recovering the tattered tunic of John the Baptist.
1688Read more

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1216The Dominican order was sanctioned by Pope Honorius III.
1481The member states of the Swiss Confederation concluded the Diet of Stans, Read more

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1845The Battle of Firoz Shah began between British and Sikh forces during the First Sikh War.
1898 – French Scientists Pierre and Marie Read more

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1522 – Suleiman the Magnificent accepts surrender of the surviving Knights of Rhodes, who are allowed to evacuate. They eventually settle in Malta and become Read more

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1776 – Thomas Paine publishes his 1st “American Crisis” essay beginning”These are the times that try men’s souls” (date disputed).
1777During the Read more

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644 – Uthman ibn Affan, companion of Muhammad, appointed 3rd Caliph of Islam.
1287– During St. Lucia’s Flood in Northwest Netherlands the Read more

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1577 – Sir Francis Drake sets sail from England on a circumnavigation of the world.
1642 – Dutch navigator Abel Tasman sighted South Island, Read more

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627– Battle at Nineveh: Byzantine Emperor Heraclius beats Sassanid forces during Byzantine-Sassanid War.
1901 – Guglielmo Marconi sends the first transatlantic radio signal, Read more

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1792France’s King Louis XVI goes on trial, accused of high treason and crimes against the state.
1911 – Egyptian novelist and screenplay Read more

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1520– Martin Luther publicly burns papal edict demanding he recant.
1684 – Isaac Newton’s derivation of Kepler’s laws from his theory of gravity, Read more

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536– Byzantine General Belisarius enters Rome while the Ostrogothic garrison peacefully leaves the city, returning the old capital to its empire.
1212– Frederick Read more

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43 BC – Marcus Tullius Cicero, Roman orator and politician is assassinated in Formiae.
1909 Inventor Leo Baekeland patents the first thermosetting plastic, Bakelite, Read more

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771 – Charlemagne becomes the sole King of the Franks after the death of his brother Carloman.
1349 – 500 Jews of Nuremberg massacred during Read more

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1093 – St. Anselm of Canterbury was consecrated as archbishop.
1154 – Adrian IV was elected pope, becoming the only Englishman to occupy the papal Read more

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1586 – Sir Thomas Herriot introduces potatoes to England from Colombia.
1818 – Illinois was admitted as the 21st state of the United States Read more

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1804 – Napoleon Bonaparte has crowned Emperor of France in Paris.
1823 – President James Monroe declares his “Monroe Doctrine”, a US foreign policy Read more

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1016 – Cnut the Great [Canute], King of Denmark, claims the English throne after the death of Edmund ‘Ironside’. 1648 – English Parliamentary army captures … Read more

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526 – A possible date for the Antioch earthquake in present-day Syria (then the Byzantine Empire) which killed 200,000 people.
1745 – Bonnie Prince Charlie’s … Read more

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1520 – Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan begins crossing the Pacific Ocean.
1814 – The Times of London first printed by automatic, steam-powered presses built by … Read more

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1095 – Pope Urban II preaches 1st Crusade 1295 – English King Edward I calls what later became known as “The Model Parliament” extending the … Read more

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43 BC- Second Triumvirate alliance of Roman leader Octavian (later Caesar Augustus), Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, and Mark Antony formed.
1778 – British explorer Captain James … Read more

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1177 – Battle of Montgisard: Baldwin IV of Jerusalem defeats Saladin and a larger Ayyubid force.
1783 – Britain evacuates New York city, its last … Read more

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380 – Theodosius I makes his adventus, or first formal entry, into Constantinople.
1639 – 1st observation of the transit of Venus by Jeremiah HorrocksRead more

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1248 – Conquest of Seville by Christian troops under King Ferdinand III of Castile after the city capitulates.
1407 – Louis I, duc d’Orléans, Read more

On This Day….

164 BC – During Maccabbean revolt Judas Maccabaeus recaptures Jersusalem and rededicates the Second Temple, commemorated since as Jewish festival Hanukkah.
1620 – Mayflower Compact Read more

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1530 – The Recess document resulting from the Diet of Augsburg signed by Charles V and catholic princes.
1620 – The Mayflower reaches Cape Cod Read more

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1477 – First English dated printed book “Dictes & Sayengis of the Phylosophers” by William Caxton.
1626 – St. Peter’s Basilica is consecrated, Read more

On This Day…

1558 – Elizabeth I aged 25 ascends the English throne upon the death of her half-sister Queen “Bloody” Mary.
1800 – Congress holds its 1st … Read more

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534 – Second and final revision of the Codex Justinianus published.
1532 – Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro captures Inca Emperor Atahualpa after a surprise ambush … Read more

On This Day…

1492 – Christopher Columbus notes 1st recorded reference to tobacco.
1884 – European Colonization and trade in Africa is officially regulated at the international Berlin … Read more

On This Day…

1680 – Gottfried Kirch discovers the Great Comet of 1680 (Kirch’s Comet/Newton’s Comet). 1851 – Harper & Brothers published Herman Melville’s masterpiece, Moby Dick.
1896 … Read more

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1789 – Benjamin Franklin writes “Nothing . . . certain but death & taxes”.
1933 – 1st modern sit-down strike by Hormel meatpackers in Austin, … Read more

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764 – Tibetan troops occupy Chang’an for 15 days, capital of the Chinese Tang Dynasty.
1833 – The great Leonid meteor shower, in which hundreds … Read more

On This Day…

1675 –  German mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz demonstrates integral calculus for the first time to find the area under the graph of y = f(x) … Read more