OnThisDay

On This Day…

47BCThe legendary Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator, aided by her Roman lover Julius Caesar, was reinstated as coruler of Egypt (with her brother Ptolemy Read more

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31 – 1st Easter, according to calendar-maker Dionysius Exiguus.
1306Robert the Bruce, crowned Scottish king at Scone this day in 1306, freed Read more

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1490 – 1st dated edition of Maimonides “Mishneh Torah”, a code of Jewish religious law is published.
1775 – Patrick Henry proclaims “Give me Read more

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1622– First American Indian (Powhatan) massacre of Europeans in Jamestown Virginia, 347 killed.
1765– Stamp Act passed; 1st direct British tax on American Read more

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1349– Between 100 and 3,000 Jews are killed in Black Death riots in Erfurt, Germany.
1804– Napoleonic Code adopted in France, stresses clearly Read more

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1345 – According to scholars at the University of Paris, the Black Death, from what they call “a triple conjunction of Saturn, Jupiter and Read more

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11231st Latern Council (9th ecumenical council) opens in Rome, agreements of the Concordat of Worms ratified.
1314– Jacques de Molay, the Read more

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432 - On this day in 461 A.D., Saint Patrick, Christian missionary, bishop and apostle of Ireland, dies at Saul, Downpatrick, Ireland.
1521– Read more

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597 BC– Babylonians capture Jerusalem, replace Jehoiachin with Zedekiah as king.
1527– Battle of Khanua: Mughal Emperor Babur defeats Rajput forces led Read more

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624 – Battle of Badr: Muhammad’s Muslim forces win significant victory over Meccan army.
1591 – Battle at Tondibi: Moroccan army under Judar defeats Read more

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538 – Witiges, King of the Ostrogoths, ends his siege of Rome, retreats to Ravenna, leaving the city in the hands of victorious Byzantine General Read more

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843 – Icon veneration officially re-instated in Hagia Sophia Cathedral in Constantinople.
1502 -Ismail I, founder of the Safavid dynasty, crowned Shah of Persia Read more

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1531– Henry VIII recognised as supreme head of Church in England by the Convocation of Canterbury.
1702 – Anne became the last Stuart monarch Read more

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161– Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius dies and is succeeded by co-Emperors Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus, an unprecedented political arrangement in the Roman Read more

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1238– Battle of the Sit River: Mongol forces of Batu Khan overcome Russians under Yuri II of Vladimir-Suzdal near Yaroslavl in Russia, ending Read more

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1575– Indian Mughal Emperor Akbar defeats Bengali army at the Battle of Tukaroi.
1857– Second Opium War: France and the United Kingdom declare Read more

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1791–  Long-distance communication speeds up with the unveiling of a semaphore machine in Paris.
1796 – Napoléon Bonaparte is appointed Commander-in-Chief of the French … Read more

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1642Georgeana (York) in Maine becomes the 1st incorporated American city.
1780 – Pennsylvania becomes 1st US state to abolish slavery (for newborns only)Read more

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1704 – The town of Deerfield, Massachusetts, was razed in the bloodiest battle of Queen Anne’s War.
1768 – The Confederation of Bar was organized Read more

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202 – BC Coronation ceremony of Liu Bang as Emperor Gaozu of Han takes place, initiating four centuries of the Han Dynasty’s rule over China.Read more

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1776 – At the Battle of Moore’s Creek Bridge, North Carolinian revolutionaries defeated loyalists during the American Revolution.
1884 – Paul Kruger, president of the Read more

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1616 – Roman Inquisition delivers injunction to Galileo demanding he abandon his belief in heliocentrism, which states the Earth and planets revolve around the Sun.Read more

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1570 – Pius V excommunicates Queen Elizabeth I of England for heresy and persecution of English Catholics during her reign. Also absolves her subjects from Read more

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303 – 1st official Roman edict for persecution of Christians issued by Emperor Diocletian.
1525 – Battle of Pavia: Holy Roman Emperor Charles V’s troops Read more

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303– Roman Emperor Diocletian begins his policy of persecuting Christians, razing the church at Nicomedia
1455– Johannes Gutenberg prints his first Bible (estimated Read more

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1632 – Galileo’s “Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems” is published.
1774 – British House of Lords rules authors do not have perpetual copyright.Read more

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1173– Pope Alexander III canonizes Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury
1613– Michael Romanov, son of Patriarch of Moscow, elected first Russian Tsar of Read more

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1792– US postal service created, postage 6-12 cents depending on distance.
1872– New York’s Metropolitan Museum of Art opens.
1873– British Naval Read more

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356  Emperor Constantius II shuts all heathen temples.
1600– Peruvian stratovolcano Huaynaputina explodes in the most violent eruption in South American recorded Read more

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1519– Hernán Cortés leaves Cuba for the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico with 11 ships and 500 men.
1678– John Bunyan’s “Pilgrim’s Progress” is Read more

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1568– Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian II agrees to pay tribute to the Ottoman Empire for peace.
1865– Columbia, South Carolina, burns down Read more

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1659 – 1st known cheque (£400) (on display at Westminster Abbey).
1840 – American Charles Wilkes discovers Shackleton Ice Shelf, Antarctica.
1918Read more

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1858 – First vision of the Virgin Mary to 14-year-old Bernadette of Lourdes, France.
1929 – Vatican City (world’s smallest country) made an enclave Read more

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474 - Zeno crowned as co-emperor of the Byzantine Empire together with his son Leo II.
1775– British Parliament declares Massachusetts colony is in Read more

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1672– Isaac Newton reads 1st optics paper before Royal Society in London.
1807– Battle of Eylau ends inconclusively between Napoleon’s forces and Russian Read more

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1508– Maximilian I proclaimed Holy Roman Emperor, 1st Emperor in centuries not to be crowned by the Pope.
1778– France recognizes USA, Read more

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211 - Roman Emperor Septimius Severus dies, leaving the Roman Empire in the hands of his two quarrelsome sons, Caracalla and Geta.
960 - Read more

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1653 – New Amsterdam becomes a city (later renamed New York).
1848 – Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends the Mexican-American War: US acquires Texas, California, Read more

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1865 – Congress passes the 13th Amendment, abolishing slavery in America (passes 121-24).
1865 – General Robert E. Lee named Commander-in-Chief of Confederate Armies during Read more

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1661 – Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England is ritually executed after having been dead for two years.
1667The Truce Read more

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661 – Rashidun Caliphate, then the largest empire in history, ends with the death of its leader, Ali. Succeeded by the Umayyad Caliphate.
1595Read more

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1521 – Emperor Charles V opens the Diet of Worms in Worms, Germany which lasts until May 25th. Produced the “Edict of Worms” which dennoucedRead more

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1820 – Russian Antarctic Expedition led by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen and Mikhail Lazarev discover the continent of Antarctica.
1825 – US Congress approves Read more

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1482– “Pentateuch” the Jewish Bible is 1st printed as a book in Bologna, Italy.
1531– Lisbon hit by Earthquake; about 30,000 dieRead more