On this day…

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1624 Cardinal Richelieu appointed Chief Minister of France by Louis XIII

1784 British parliament accepts East India Company Act 1784, bringing the East India Company’s rule in India under the control of the British Government.

1792 Revolutionaries imprison French royals, including Marie Antoinette

1866 Giovanni Agnelli, Italian industrialist and CEO (Fiat Automakers), is born in Turin, Italy (d. 1945)

1899 Alfred Hitchcock, English director (Psycho, Birds, Rear Window), born in Leytonstone, Essex (d. 1980)

1907 1st taxicabs operate in New York City, imported by Harry N. Allen

1923 Turkish National Congress selects Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Pasja as President

1926 Fidel Castro, Cuban revolutionary, Prime Minister (1959-76) and President (1976-2008), born in Birán, Holguin Province (d. 2016)

1932 Adolf Hitler refuses President von Hindenburg’s proposal to become vice-chancellor of Germany

1961 Shortly after midnight on this day in 1961, East German soldiers begin laying down barbed wire and bricks as a barrier between Soviet-controlled East Berlin and the democratic western section of the city.

1967 “Bonnie and Clyde”, directed by Arthur Penn and starring Warren Beatty and Faye Dunaway, is released

1996 Microsoft releases Internet Explorer 3.0

2004 28th Olympic Games opens at Athens, Greece

2015 Swedish Prosecutors announce they are dropping allegations against Wikileaks founder Julian Assange of sexual molestation and coercion

2016 American swimmer Michael Phelps ends his career at the Rio Olympics as part of the winning 4×100 medley relay, his record 23rd gold medal

Via On This Day / The history channel

 

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