On this day…

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1914 WWI: Serbia declares war against Germany

1916 Malta’s former Prime Minister Dom Mintoff was born

1937 Franco’s artillery fires on Madrid

1937 US and USSR sign trade treaty

1945 Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima by the US B-29 Superfortress “Enola Gay”  Paul Tibbets, the commander of Enola Gay, drops the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan. It was the second atomic bomb, dropped on Nagasaki, that induced the Japanese to surrender.

1960 Chubby Checker performs his version of “The Twist” on “The Dick Clark Show” starting a worldwide dance craze

1964 Pope Paul VI publishes encyclical Ecclesiam Suam

1965 Beatles release “Help” album in UK

1984 American athlete Carl Lewis wins long jump (8.54m), his second of 4 gold medals at Los Angeles Olympics

1993 Pope John Paul II publishes encyclical Veritatis splendor

1996 NASA announces that life may have existed on Mars after examining meteorite ALH84001, thought to be from Mars

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