1498 – Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama arrives at Calicut, India becoming the first European to reach India by sea
1784 – The Netherlands yielded to Great Britain some of its holdings in India and Indonesia in a treaty signed as part of the Peace of Paris, a collection of treaties that concluded the American Revolution.
1609 – Shakespeare’s Sonnets are first published in London, perhaps illicitly, by publisher Thomas Thorpe
1862 – US President Abraham Lincoln signs into law the Homestead Act to provide cheap land for the settlement of the American West (80 million acres by 1900)
1864 – Spotsylvania campaign in US Civil War ends after 10,920 killed or injured
1882 – Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy secretly formed the Triple Alliance, a treaty organization that provided for mutual protection against attacks by other European powers until Italy entered World War I.
1927 – At 7:40 AM, Charles Lindbergh takes off from New York to cross the Atlantic for Paris, aboard Spirit of St Louis (1st non-stop flight)
1927 - Saudi Arabia becomes independent of Great Britain in the Treaty of Jeddah
1990 – Hubble Space Telescope sends its 1st photographs from space
Births & Deaths:
1806 – Economist and philosopher John Stuart Mill was born in London.
1946 – American singer and actress Cher, who was known for her flamboyant style, was born.
1891 - History of cinema: The first public display of Thomas Edison’s prototype kinetoscope to members of the National Federation of Women’s Club
1983 - “Every Breath You Take” single released by The Police (Billboard Song of the Year 1983)
1900 – II Summer (Modern) Olympic Games open in Paris (last 5 months)
Via Britannica / On This Day