47BC – The legendary Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator, aided by her Roman lover Julius Caesar, was reinstated as coruler of Egypt (with her brother Ptolemy XIV) this day, following a civil war with her brother Ptolemy XIII.
1513 – Spaniard Juan Ponce de León and his expedition first sight Florida.
1625 – Charles I, King of England, Scotland and Ireland ascends the English throne.
1814 – At the Battle of Horseshoe Bend (Tohopeka, Alabama) in the Creek War, Andrew Jackson and his 3,000 troops defeated the Creek Indians, slaughtering more than 800 warriors and imprisoning 500 women and children.
1914 – 1st successful non-direct blood transfusion is performed by Dr. Albert Hustin in Brussels.
1958 – Nikita Khrushchev becomes Soviet Premier as well as First Secretary of the Communist Party.
1977 – 583 die in aviation’s worst ever disaster when two Boeing 747s collide at Tenerife airport in Spain.
Births & Deaths:
1970 – Mariah Carey, an American singer best known for her vocal range, was born.
1871 – 1st international rugby union match – Scotland 1, England 0 at Raeburn Place, Edinburgh.
1948 – Just 11 days after being released from prison, Billie Holiday plays in front of a sold-out crowd at Carnegie Hall.
TV & Film:
1952 – “Singin’ in the Rain”, musical comedy directed by Gene Kelly and Stanley Donen, starring Gene Kelly and Debbie Reynolds, premieres at Radio City Music Hall in NYC.
Via Britannica / On This Day