On This Day…

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1027 – Pope John XIX crowns Conrad II Holy Roman Emperor, founder of the Salian dynasty.
1812 – Earthquake measuring 7.7 on the Richter scale destroys 90% of Caracas, Venezuela and kills an estimated 15,000–20,000 people.
1871 – Municipal elections bring revolutionaries to power in Paris to form Commune government.
1909 – In support of Mohammed Ali Shah’s coup d’etat against the constitutional government in Persia, a Russian military force invades northern Persia to relieve the siege of Tabriz.
1927The Mille Miglia, the famed automobile race across Italy, was inaugurated.
1942 – First “Eichmann transport” to Auschwitz & Birkenau concentration camps.
1953 – Dr Jonas Salk announces vaccine to prevent polio.
1966 – Large-scale anti-Vietnam War protests take place in the United States, including in New York, Washington D.C. and Chicago.
1971 – Bangladesh (East Pakistan) under Sheikh Mujibur Rahman declares its independence from Pakistan.
1979The historic peace accord between Israel and Egypt, agreed to by Menachem Begin and Anwar el-Sādāt and negotiated by U.S. President Jimmy Carter at Camp David, Maryland, in September 1978, was signed.
1997Police discovered the bodies of 39 members of Heaven’s Gate, an American religious group that believed in unidentified flying objects; they had committed suicide in the belief that a spaceship was arriving to take them to a better place.
2000Russian intelligence officer and politician Vladimir Putin was elected president of Russia. 

Births & Deaths:
1944 – Diana Ross, an American pop singer and actress who achieved international stardom, first as leader of the vocal group the Supremes and later as a solo artist, was born.  

Sport:
1972 – LA Lakers break NBA wins record by winning 69 of 82 games (69-13), the record will stand for 24 years. 

Music:
1982 – Paul McCartney and Stevie Wonder released the single “Ebony & Ivory” in the UK. 

TV & Film:
1953 – “Ugetsu”, a Japanese film directed by Kenji Mizoguchi, starring Masayuki Mori, Machiko Kyō and Kinuyo Tanaka, is released.
2005Sixteen years after being cancelled, the BBC sci-fi series Doctor Who returned to television with a new episode, with Christopher Eccleston appearing in the title role. 

Via Britannica / On This Day

 

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