1622 – First American Indian (Powhatan) massacre of Europeans in Jamestown Virginia, 347 killed.
1765 – Stamp Act passed; 1st direct British tax on American colonists, organized by Prime Minister George Grenville.
1784 – The Emerald Buddha is moved with great ceremony to its current place in Wat Phra Kaew, Thailand.
1832 – British Parliament, led by Charles Grey, passes the Reform Act, introducing wide-ranging changes to electoral system of England and Wales, increasing electorate from about 500,000 voters to 813,000.
1945 – The Arab League, a regional organization of Arab states in the Middle East, was organized in Cairo by Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, Transjordan (now Jordan), Saudi Arabia, and Yemen.
1954 – Northland Center, the world’s largest shopping mall of the time, opens in Oakpark, Michigan.
1965 – US confirms its troops used chemical warfare against the Vietcong.
1972 – The U.S. Senate approved the Equal Rights Amendment—which stated, “Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex”—but in the ensuing years it failed to be ratified by the requisite majority of 38 states.
2018 – US President Donald Trump imposes $60 billion worth of tariffs on Chinese imports.
Births & Deaths:
1908 – American author Louis L’Amour, who was best known for highly popular westerns that offered well-researched portrayals of frontier life, was born.
1895 – Auguste & Louis Lumiere show their 1st movie to an invited audience.
1963 - Beatles release 1st album, “Please Please Me”.
1896 – Charilaos Vasilakos of Greece wins 1st modern marathon in 3:18 at the Panhellenic Games.
Via Britannica / On This Day