On This Day…

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1279– A Mongolian victory at the naval Battle of Yamen ends the Song Dynasty in China.
1644 – 200 members of Peking imperial family and court commit suicide in loyalty to the Emperor.
1863– Confederate cruiser SS Georgiana destroyed on her maiden voyage with a cargo of munitions, and medicines then valued over $1,000,000. Wreck discovered exactly 102 years later by teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence.
1920– US Senate rejects Treaty of Versailles for 2nd time refusing to ratify League of Nations’ covenant (maintaining isolation policy)
1932 – The Sydney Harbour Bridge is opened.
2003 - Airstrikes by an American and British-led coalition signal the beginning of the Invasion of Iraq, without United Nations support and in defiance of world opinion 

Film: 
1984– American sitcom “Kate & Allie” premieres on CBS TV starring Susan Saint James and Jane Curtin. 

Births & Deaths:
1997 – Dutch American artist Willem de Kooning, a major exponent of Abstract. Expressionism and Action painting, whose series Woman I–VI caused a stir with its violent images and impulsive technique, died at the age of 92.
2008 – English writer Sir Arthur C. Clarke—who was best known for his visionary science-fiction novels and for his work on Stanley Kubrick’s hugely successful motion picture 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968)—died in Sri Lanka. 

Music: 
1859– Opera “Faust” by Charles Gounod premieres in Paris.
1957 – Elvis Presley puts a down payment on Graceland.
1962 – American musician Bob Dylan released his eponymous debut album to mixed reviews. 

Sports: 
1991– NFL owners strip Phoenix of 1993 Super Bowl game due to Arizona Not recognizing Martin Luther King Day.  

Via Britannica / On This Day 

 

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