432 - On this day in 461 A.D., Saint Patrick, Christian missionary, bishop and apostle of Ireland, dies at Saul, Downpatrick, Ireland.
1521 – Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan reaches the Philippines.
1861 – Italy is unified into a single kingdom under Victor Emmanuel II following the campaigns led by Giuseppe Garibaldi.
1905 – Albert Einstein finishes his scientific paper detailing his Quantum Theory of Light, one of the foundations of modern physics.
1939 – Battle of Nanchang between the Kuomintang and the Japanese breaks out (Sino-Japanese War 1937-1945).
1942 – Bełżec Concentration Camp opens with the transport of 30,000 Lublin Polish Jews.
1990 – The former Soviet Socialist Republic of Lithuania steadfastly rejects a demand from the Soviet Union that it renounce its declaration of independence. The situation in Lithuania quickly became a sore spot in U.S.-Soviet relations.
1992 – Nearly 69 percent of white South African voters backed F.W. de Klerk’s reforms—which included the repeal of racially discriminatory laws—and effectively endorsed the dismantling of apartheid.
Births & Deaths:
1917 – Nat King Cole, an American musician who first came to prominence as a jazz pianist but who reached enormous popularity with his warm, relaxed, somewhat breathy-voiced ballad singing, was born.
2005 – American author Andre Norton, who wrote more than 130 sci-fi and fantasy adventure novels for juveniles and adults, died at age 93.
1960 – One of the first French New Wave films, “Breathless”, directed by Jean-Luc Godard, starring Jean-Paul Belmondo and Jean Seberg is released in France.
1968 – Bee Gees make their US TV debut on “The Ed Sullivan Show” performing “To Love Somebody” and “Words”.
1897 – British boxer Bob Fitzsimmons KOs American champion Jim Corbett in the 14th round to win World Heavyweight title in Carson City, Nevada.
1908 – Tommy Burns KOs Jem Roche in 88 seconds in the quickest world heavyweight boxing title fight.
Via Britannica / On This Day