161 – Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius dies and is succeeded by co-Emperors Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus, an unprecedented political arrangement in the Roman Empire.
1530 – English King Henry VIII’s divorce request is denied by the Pope.
1876 – Alexander Graham Bell receives a patent for the telephone in the US.
1912 – Roald Amundsen announces discovery of the South Pole.
1936 – Hitler breaks the Treaty of Versailles by sending troops to the Rhineland.
1950 – Volkswagen, the maker of the Beetle automobile, expands its product offerings to include a microbus, which goes into production on this day in 1950.
1965 – State troopers used nightsticks and tear gas to attack American civil rights activists as they crossed a bridge in Selma, Alabama, during their march to the state capitol in Montgomery.
Births & Deaths:
1872 – Painter Piet Mondrian—who was an important leader in the development of modern abstract art, known for works that possess a formal purity that embodies his spiritual belief in a harmonious cosmos—was born in Amersfoort, Netherlands.
1999 – American director and writer Stanley Kubrick—whose iconic films are characterized by a cool, formal visual style, meticulous attention to detail, and a detached, often ironic pessimism—died in England.
1975 – “Mirror”, a Russian film directed by Andrei Tarkovsky, starring Margarita Terekhova and Ignat Daniltsev, is released.
1917 – 1st jazz record released on a 78 by Original Dixieland Jass Band for the Victor Talking Machine Company.
2009 – Despite only being 17 years old, Brazilian soccer star Neymar makes his professional debut for Santos
Via Britannica / On This Day