1479 – Treaty of Alcaçovas: Portugal gives the Canary Islands to Castile in exchange for claims in West Africa.
1836 – Battle of the Alamo: After 13 days of fighting 1,500-3,000 Mexican soldiers overwhelm the Texan defenders, killing 182-257 Texans including William Travis, Jim Bowie and Davy Crockett.
1857 – Dred Scott Decision: US Supreme Court rules Africans cannot be US citizens.
1869 – Dmitri Mendeleev presents the first periodic table of the elements to the Russian Chemical Society.
1899 – “Aspirin” (acetylsalicylic acid) patented by Felix Hoffmann at German company Bayer.
1902 – the Madrid Foot Ball Club is founded by a group of fans in Madrid, Spain. Later known as Real Madrid, the club would become the most successful European football (soccer) franchise of the 20th century.
1924 – The Egyptian government opened the mummy case of King Tutankhamen, ruler of Egypt in the 14th century , whose burial chamber had been discovered in 1922 by renowned British archaeologist Howard Carter.
1991 – Iraq’s capitulation in the Persian Gulf conflict, US President George H. W. Bush told Congress that “aggression is defeated. The war is over”.
2018 – 2018 Forbes names Amazon founder Jeff Bezos the world’s richest person for the first time at $112 billion, Bill Gates no. 2.
2019 – 2019 Facebook head Mark Zuckerberg reveals plans to turn the social media platform into a more “privacy-focused platform”
Births & Deaths:
1475 – Michelangelo Buonarroti, the greatest of the Italian Renaissance artists, is born in the small village of Caprese.
1968 – American painter Georgia O’Keeffe—whose well-known works include large-format paintings of natural forms, especially flowers and bones—died in New Mexico.
2016 – American first lady and actress Nancy Reagan—who was first lady during the 1981–89 administration of her husband, President Ronald Reagan, and was noted as his most trusted adviser and the most zealous protector of his reputation—died in Los Angeles.
1853 – Giuseppe Verdi’s Opera “La Traviata” premieres in Venice.
Via Britannica / On This Day