363 – Roman Emperor Julian moves from Antioch with an army of 90,000 to attack the Sassanid Empire, in a campaign that brings about his own death.
1046 – Persian scholar Naser Khosrow begins the 7 year Middle Eastern journey which he will later describe in his book Safarnama.
1496 – English King Henry VII grants John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto) a commission to explore for new lands.
1770 – Boston Massacre (Incident on King Street): British soldiers kill 5 men in a crowd throwing snowballs, stones and sticks at them. African American Crispus Attucks 1st to die; later held up as an early black martyr. Massacre galvanizes anti-British feelings.
1946 – Winston Churchill’s “Iron Curtain” speech in Fulton, Missouri, popularizes the term and draws attention to the division of Europe.
1960 – Moments before he was shot to death by a soldier of the Bolivian government, the revolutionary Ernesto “Che” Guevara told his executioner, “Shoot, coward! You are only going to kill a man!”
1963 – the Hula-Hoop, a hip-swivelling toy that became a huge fad across America when it was first marketed by Wham-O in 1958, is patented by the company’s co-founder, Arthur “Spud” Melin.
2002 - American reality TV program The Osbournes” featuring the family of Ozzy Osbourne premieres on MTV.
Births & Deaths:
1953 – Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin died in Moscow and was succeeded by Georgy Malenkov.
1971 – “Stairway to Heaven” by Led Zeppelin first played live at Ulster Hall, Belfast by Robert Plant, Jimmy Page, John Bonham and John Paul Jones
Via Britannica / On This Day