On This Day…

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363– Roman Emperor Julian moves from Antioch with an army of 90,000 to attack the Sassanid Empire, in a campaign that brings about his own death.
1046– Persian scholar Naser Khosrow begins the 7 year Middle Eastern journey which he will later describe in his book Safarnama.
1496– English King Henry VII grants John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto) a commission to explore for new lands.
1770– Boston Massacre (Incident on King Street): British soldiers kill 5 men in a crowd throwing snowballs, stones and sticks at them. African American Crispus Attucks 1st to die; later held up as an early black martyr. Massacre galvanizes anti-British feelings.
1946– Winston Churchill’s “Iron Curtain” speech in Fulton, Missouri, popularizes the term and draws attention to the division of Europe.
1960 – Moments before he was shot to death by a soldier of the Bolivian government, the revolutionary Ernesto “Che” Guevara told his executioner, “Shoot, coward! You are only going to kill a man!”
1963 – the Hula-Hoop, a hip-swivelling toy that became a huge fad across America when it was first marketed by Wham-O in 1958, is patented by the company’s co-founder, Arthur “Spud” Melin.  

2002 - American reality TV program The Osbournes” featuring the family of Ozzy Osbourne premieres on MTV.

Births & Deaths:
1953 – Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin died in Moscow and was succeeded by Georgy Malenkov. 

1971– “Stairway to Heaven” by Led Zeppelin first played live at Ulster Hall, Belfast by Robert Plant, Jimmy Page, John Bonham and John Paul Jones 

Via Britannica / On This Day 

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