1575 – Indian Mughal Emperor Akbar defeats Bengali army at the Battle of Tukaroi.
1857 – Second Opium War: France and the United Kingdom declare war on China .
1861 – Alexander II of Russia signs the Emancipation Manifesto, freeing serfs and granting them the full rights of free citizens.
1887 – Anne Sullivan begins teaching 6-year-old blind-deaf Helen Keller.
1915 – Director D.W. Griffith’s controversial Civil War epic The Birth of a Nation opens in New York City on March 3, 1915, a few weeks after its West Coast premiere in Los Angeles.
1917 – 1st major strike of the Russian “February Revolution” starts at the giant Putilov factory in Petrograd.
1918 – Bolshevik Russia signs the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with the Central Powers, abandoning the Allied war effort and granting independence to its Polish and Baltic territories, the Ukraine, and Finland.
1921 – Toronto’s Dr Banting & Dr Best announce the discovery of insulin.
1923 – The first issue of the American weekly newsmagazine Time was published.
1939 – Mahatma Gandhi begins a fast in Mumbai (Bombay) to protest against the autocratic rule in India.
1943 – Battle of the Bismarck Sea: Australian and American air forces devastate Japanese navy convoy.
1945 – Finland, under increasing pressure from both the United States and the Soviet Union, finally declares war on its former partner, Germany.
1991 – Los Angeles police officers severely beat motorist Rodney King, the beating is famously captured on amateur video and later leads to riots when the police officers are acquitted.
2005 – American adventurer Steve Fossett became the first person to complete a solo nonstop circumnavigation of the globe without refuelling when he landed in Kansas after more than 67 hours in flight.
Births & Deaths:
1911 – American actress Jean Harlow, who was considered the original “Blonde Bombshell,” was born.
1996 – Marguerite Duras—one of the leading figures of the French post–war literary scene who frequently wrote about obsession and impossible love—died in Paris.
2012 – American conceptual artist Ralph McQuarrie—who contributed to a number of classic movies, notably helping to create the appearance of Darth Vader in the Star Wars series—died in Berkeley, California.
1875 – Georges Bizet’s last and greatest opera “Carmen” premieres in Paris.
1985 – “Moonlighting” with Cybill Shepard & Bruce Willis premieres on ABC TV in the US.
Via Britannica / On This Day