On This Day…

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1642Georgeana (York) in Maine becomes the 1st incorporated American city.
1780 – Pennsylvania becomes 1st US state to abolish slavery (for newborns only).
1847 – Michigan becomes 1st English-speaking jurisdiction to abolish the death penalty (except for treason against the state)
1869 – US Postage stamps showing scenes issued for 1st time. These pictorials showed a post horse and rider, a locomotive, a shield, an eagle and a ship, the Adriatic.
1872 – Yellowstone becomes the world’s 1st national park.
1875Republicans in the U.S. Congress passed the last of the Force Acts, which protected the constitutional rights of blacks during Reconstruction.
1896The Ethiopian army of Emperor Menilek II won a decisive victory against the Italian army at Adwa, Ethiopia.
1919Protesters in Seoul, Korea, launched the March First Movement, a series of demonstrations for Korean national independence from Japan.
1932The infant son of American aviator Charles A. Lindbergh was abducted from his home, Bruno Hauptmann being later convicted of the baby’s kidnapping and murder.
1954 – US explodes Castle Bravo, a 15 megaton hydrogen bomb at Bikini Atoll, which accidentally became the most powerful nuclear device ever detonated by the US
1961The Peace Corps was established by U.S. President John F. Kennedy by means of his Peace Corps Act.
2005In a major capital punishment case, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that it was unconstitutional to execute convicts who were under age 18 at the time of their crimes. 

Births & Deaths:1994Justin Bieber, a Canadian singer noted for his fresh-faced good looks and appealing pop songs, was born in Stratford, Ontario.
2014 – French film director Alain Resnais—who was a leader of the New Wave of unorthodox influential film directors in France in the late 1950s—died at age 91. 

Sport: 1969 – New York Yankees legend Mickey Mantle announces his retirement due to persistent knee injuries; finishes 18-season career with 536 home runs and .298 batting average 

Music: 1973 – Pink Floyd release their album “Dark Side of the Moon”, since sold over 45 million copies 

TV & Film: 1975Colour television transmissions begin in Australia. 

Via Britannica / On This Day

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