1616 – Roman Inquisition delivers injunction to Galileo demanding he abandon his belief in heliocentrism, which states the Earth and planets revolve around the Sun.
1797 – Bank of England issues first £1 note.
1815 – Napoleon Bonaparte and his supporters leave Elba to start a 100 day re-conquest of France.
1885 – Berlin Conference gives Congo to Belgium and Nigeria to Great Britain
1919 – The U.S. Congress established Grand Canyon National Park in northwestern Arizona.
1935 – RADAR (Radio Detection and Ranging) first demonstrated by Robert Watson-Watt.
1951 – American novelist James Jones published From Here to Eternity, about the U.S. Army in Hawaii before the 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor.
1993 – The World Trade Center in New York City was bombed in an act of terrorism, and Islamic radicals were later convicted for the crime.
2005 – Hosni Mubarak, President of Egypt, orders the constitution changed to allow multi-candidate presidential elections, asking Egyptian parliament to amend Article 76.
2012 – National debates about racism and racial profiling ensued after Trayvon Martin, an unarmed African American teenager returning from a convenience store in Sanford, Florida, was fatally shot by a neighbourhood-watch volunteer, George Zimmerman, who later successfully argued that he had acted in self-defense.
Births & Deaths:1932 – Johnny Cash, one of the best-selling music artists of all time, having sold more than 90 million records worldwide, was born.
Sport: 1839 – 1st Grand National steeplechase, Aintree Racecourse, Liverpool: Jem Mason wins aboard 5/1 favourite Lottery
Music: 1917 – 1st jazz records recorded – “Dixie Jazz Band One Step” and “Livery Stable Blues” by Original Dixieland Jass Band for the Victor Talking Machine Company
TV & Film: 1960 – Vera Miles stars in the famous “Mirror Image” episode of the classic CBS television series “The Twilight Zone”
Via Britannica / On This Day