1570 – Pius V excommunicates Queen Elizabeth I of England for heresy and persecution of English Catholics during her reign. Also absolves her subjects from allegiance to the crown.
1793 – 1st US cabinet meeting, held at George Washington’s home.
1862 – First Legal Tender Act 1862 is passed by the US Congress, authorizing the United States note (greenback) into circulation, the first fiat paper money that was legal tender in America.
1910 – Dalai Lama flees Tibet for British India to escape Chinese troops.
1913 – The Sixteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which permitted a federal income tax, went into effect.
1948 – The communists seized control of the government of Czechoslovakia.
1956 – Nikita Khrushchev denounces Joseph Stalin at the 20th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
1986 – Philippine President Ferdinand E. Marcos, under pressure from the United States, fled his country for Hawaii after a fraudulent electoral victory over Corazon Aquino, who replaced him as president.
Births & Deaths:1943 – British musician George Harrison—lead guitarist of the Beatles, one of the most important and influential bands in the history of rock and roll—was born.
1975 – American comedian Chelsea Handler, known for her earthy, bawdy style, was born in Livingston, New Jersey.
Sport:2018 – Winter Olympics: Marit Bjoergen (Norway) becomes the most successful winter athlete of all time (15 medals) with gold in the 30k cross country.
1964 – American boxer Muhammad Ali, known at the time as Cassius Clay, became the world heavyweight champion by knocking out Sonny Liston in seven rounds.
Music: 1957 – Buddy Holly & Crickets record “That’ll Be the Day”
TV & Film: 1950 – “Your Show of Shows” with Sid Caesar & Imogene Coca premieres on NBC Writers include Mel Brooks, Neil Simon & Woody Allen.
Via Britannica / On This Day