303 – Roman Emperor Diocletian begins his policy of persecuting Christians, razing the church at Nicomedia
1455 – Johannes Gutenberg prints his first Bible (estimated date)
1540 – Francisco Vázquez de Coronado’s expedition sets off from Mexico in search of the 7 cities of Cibola
1836 – Alamo besieged for 13 days until March 6 by Mexican army under General Santa Anna; entire garrison eventually killed
1904 – United States acquires control of the Panama Canal Zone for $10 million
1945 – US Marines raise American flag on top of Mt. Suribachi, Iwo Jima. Photo of which by Joe Rosenthall later became iconic, inspiring the Marine Corps War Memorial sculpture.
1954 – 1st mass inoculation against polio with Salk vaccine (Pittsburgh)
1998 – Osama bin Laden publishes a fatwa declaring jihad against all Jews and Crusaders
Births & Deaths: 1965 – British-born comedian Stan Laurel, of the comedy team Laurel and Hardy, died in Santa Monica, California.
Film: 1996 – “Trainspotting” directed by Danny Boyle based on the book by Irvine Welsh, starring Ewan McGregor, Robert Carlyle and Jonny Lee Miller opens in cinemas in the UK and Ireland
Music: 1963 – Luciano Pavarotti makes his debut at the Vienna State Opera in “La traviata“.
2000 – Mexican-born American musician Carlos Santana won eight Grammy Awards for Supernatural, tying the record set by Michael Jackson.
Via Britannica / On This Day