1173 – Pope Alexander III canonizes Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury
1613 – Michael Romanov, son of Patriarch of Moscow, elected first Russian Tsar of the house of Romanov.
1804 – 1st locomotive, Richard Trevithick’s, runs for the 1st time, along the tramway of the Penydarren Ironworks in Merthyr Tydfil, Wales
1848 – The Communist Manifesto, written by Karl Marx with the assistance of Friedrich Engels, is published in London by a group of German-born revolutionary socialists known as the Communist League.
1916 – World War I: Battle of Verdun begins with a German offensive, leads to an estimated 1 million casualties and becomes the longest battle of the entire war (9 months).
1922 – Britain declares Egypt a sovereign state.
1972 – Richard Nixon becomes the first US President to visit China, normalizing relations between the countries in a meeting with Chinese leader Mao Zedong in Beijing
Births & Deaths: 1965 – Malcolm X, who articulated concepts of racial pride and black nationalism in the United States, was assassinated this day in 1965 and became an ideological hero after the posthumous release of The Autobiography of Malcolm X.
Film: 1990 – “The Batman Theme” by Danny Elfman wins Grammy Award for Best Instrumental Composition at 32nd Annual Grammy Awards.
Via Britannica / On This Day