356 – Emperor Constantius II shuts all heathen temples.
1600 – Peruvian stratovolcano Huaynaputina explodes in the most violent eruption in South American recorded history.
1878 – Thomas Edison is granted a patent for his gramophone (phonograph)
1942 – About 150 Japanese warplanes attack the Australian city of Darwin.
1945 – US 5th Fleet launches invasion of Iwo Jima against the Japanese with 30,000 US Marines.
2008 – Fidel Castro formally resigned as president of Cuba; he was succeeded by his brother Raúl.
Music: 1981 – George Harrison is ordered to pay ABKCO Music $587,000 for “subconscious plagiarism” of his song “My Sweet Lord” with Ronnie Mack’s song “He’s So Fine”.
Via Britannica / On This Day