On This Day…

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399 BC – Philosopher Socrates is sentenced to death by the city of Athens for corrupting the minds of the youth of the city and for impiety.
590Khosrau II, the last great Sasanian king is crowned King of Persia
1763 – Austria, Prussia & Saxony sign the Treaty of Hubertusburg, marking the end of the French and Indian War and of the Seven Years War.
1898an explosion in Havana harbour sank the battleship USS Maine, killing 260 American seamen and precipitating the Spanish-American War, which originated in the Cuban struggle for independence from Spain.
1933An assassin’s bullet meant for the U.S. president-elect, Franklin D. Roosevelt, wounded Mayor Anton J. Cermak of Chicago, who died three weeks later.
1965Canada officially adopted the Maple Leaf Flag following a royal proclamation.
1986 – Ferdinand Marcos wins rigged presidential election in the Philippines.
1989Under President Mikhail Gorbachev, the Soviet Union withdrew its last troops from Afghanistan after occupying the country since 1979.
2001 – First draft of the complete human genome is published in the journal “Nature”.
2003 – An estimated 6-11 million people around the world take to the streets to protest against war with Iraq. 

Births & Deaths:1564Italian philosopher, astronomer and mathematician, Galileo, best known for his discovery of the four most massive moons of Jupiter, now known as the Galilean moons, was born. 
1820Susan B. Anthony, a pioneer crusader for the woman suffrage movement in the United States, was born in Adams, Massachusetts. 

Sport:1932 – As a member of gold medal winning US 4-man bobsleigh team at Lake Placid, Eddie Eagan (boxing gold Antwerp 1920) becomes only Olympian to win gold medals at both summer & winter Games in different sports.
978Leon Spinks defeated Muhammad Ali to become the heavyweight boxing champion of the world. 

Music: 1941 – Duke Ellington first records “Take the A Train”. 

TV & Film: 2005 – YouTube, Internet site on which videos may be shared and viewed by others, is launched in the United States. 

Via Britannica / On This Day


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