On This Day…

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1014 – Pope Benedict VIII crowns Henry II Holy Roman Emperor.
1076 – Pope Gregory VII excommunicates Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV (for the 1st time).
1779Captain James Cook was killed by Hawaiians in a dispute over the theft of a cutter.
1797 – The Battle of Cape St Vincent: British fleet under Admiral Sir John Jervis defeats larger Spanish fleet under Admiral Don José de Córdoba y Ramos near Cape St. Vincent, Portugal. Captain Horatio Nelson distinguishes himself.
1876 – Alexander G. Bell & Elisha Gray apply separately for telephone patents Supreme Court eventually rules Bell rightful inventor.
1920With the establishment of women’s suffrage in the United States, Carrie Chapman Catt formed the League of Women Voters in Chicago.
1929 – St Valentine’s Day Massacre in Chicago, 7 gangsters killed, allegedly on Al Capone’s orders.
1946The first general-purpose high-speed electronic digital computer, the ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer), was demonstrated to the public by its creators, J. Presper Eckert, Jr., and John W. Mauchly.
1971 – Richard Nixon installs secret taping system in the White House.
2005Steve Chen, Chad Hurley, and Jawed Karim registered YouTube, a Web site for sharing videos; it would become hugely popular, with more than one billion unique users visiting the site every month.

Births & Deaths:1946American dancer, choreographer, and actor Gregory Hines, a major figure in the revitalization of tap dancing in the late 20th century, was born. 

Sport:1984 – Britain’s Jayne Torvill and Christopher Dean famously dominate the ice dancing at the Sarajevo Winter Olympics; perform to Ravelâs Bolero in free dance routine; record 9-of-9 perfect scores for artistic impression.
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010 – Alexandre Bilodeau wins the Gold Medal in the freestyle skiing men’s moguls event, becoming the first Canadian to win a Gold Medal during a Canadian-hosted Olympics. 

Music: 1982 – “Night of 100 Stars” takes place at NY’s Radio City Music Hall. 

TV & Film: 1931 – The original “Dracula” film starring Bela Lugosi as the titular vampire, is released. 

Via Britannica / On This Day

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