On This Day…

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1258 – Baghdad falls to the Mongols as the Abbasid Caliphate is destroyed.
1542King Henry VIII of England had Catherine Howard, his fifth wife, beheaded on charges of adultery.
1601 – 1st British East India Company voyage departs from London, lead by John Lancaster.
1689 – British Parliament adopts the Bill of Rights which establishes the rights of parliament and places limits on the crown.
1942 – Hitler’s Operation Sealion, the invasion of England, is cancelled.
1945 – Allied planes begin bombing Dresden, Germany; firestorm results and over 22,000 die.
1945 – USSR captures Budapest, after a 49-day battle with Germany; 159,000 die.
1960France detonated its first atomic bomb in the Sahara desert.
2000The last Peanuts comic strip was published in newspapers, just hours after the death of creator Charles Schulz.
2002The Scottish Parliament passed the Protection of Wild Mammals Bill, which made it illegal to hunt wild mammals with dogs, effectively outlawing foxhunting in Scotland.  

Births & Deaths:1950British musician Peter Gabriel, who was the lead singer of the progressive rock band Genesis before launching a successful solo career, was born.
1891 – Grant Wood, was an American painter best known for his paintings depicting the rural American Midwest, particularly American Gothic, was born.  

Music: 1996 – Rapper Tupac Shakur releases his 4th studio album ‘All Eyez on Me’. 

TV & Film: 1972 – “Cabaret”, directed by Bob Fosse, based on the musical of the same name and starring Liza Minnelli and Michael York, is released. 

Via Britannica / On This Day

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