On This Day…

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1661 – Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England is ritually executed after having been dead for two years.
1667The Truce of Andrusovo ended the Thirteen Years’ War between Russia and Poland.
1815 – Burned US Library of Congress re-established with Thomas Jefferson’s 6,500 volumes.
1902 – Britain and Japan sign a treaty after months of negotiating which commits each country to support an independent China and Korea, although it acknowledges Japan’s ‘special interest’ in Korea.
1933 – President Paul von Hindenburg appoints Adolf Hitler as Reich Chancellor of Germany who forms a government with Franz von Papen.
1939 – Adolf Hitler threatens Jews during his speech to the German Reichstag (Parliament).
1945The greatest maritime disaster in history occurred as the German ocean liner Wilhelm Gustloff was sunk by a Soviet submarine, resulting in the deaths of an estimated 9,000 people. 
1948 – Mahatma Gandhi assassinated by Hindu extremist Nathuram Godse.
1965 – State Funeral of Winston Churchill at St Paul’s Cathedral in London. Then world’s largest-ever state funeral.
1972 – Bloody Sunday: 27 unarmed civilians are shot (14 are killed) by the British Army during a civil rights march in Derry, Northern Ireland; this is the highest death toll from a single shooting incident during ‘the Troubles’ 

Births & Deaths:1911American trumpeter Roy Eldridge, one of the great creative musicians of the 1930s, was born in Pittsburgh.
1912Barbara Tuchman, one of the foremost popular historians in the United States in the second half of the 20th century and a two-time Pulitzer Prize winner, was born. 

Sport: 1994 – Kapil Dev takes 2/41 as India beats Sri Lanka by an innings and 95 runs in 2nd Cricket Test in Bengaluru; equals Sir Richard Hadlee’s world record of 431 Test wickets.

Music: 1961 – “I Fall to Pieces” single released by Patsy Cline (Billboard Song of the Year 1961).

TV & Film: 1931 – “City Lights”, American silent romantic comedy film directed by Charlie Chaplin, starring himself and Virginia Cherrill, premieres at Los Angeles Theater.

Via Britannica / On This Day


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