On This Day…

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1820 – Russian Antarctic Expedition led by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen and Mikhail Lazarev discover the continent of Antarctica.
1825 – US Congress approves Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma), clearing the way for the forced relocation of the Eastern Indian tribes via the “Trail of Tears”.
1880 – American inventor Thomas Edison patented the incandescent lamp.
1888 – The National Geographic Society is founded in Washington, D.C. for “the increase and diffusion of geographic knowledge”.
1924 – Lenin placed in Mausoleum in Red Square, Moscow.
1944 – Siege of Leningrad lifted by the Soviets after 880 days and more than 2 million Russians killed.
1945 – Soviet troops liberate Auschwitz and Birkenau Concentration Camps in Poland.
1967 – During a simulation of a launch, U.S. astronauts Virgil I. Grissom, Edward H. White, and Roger B. Chaffee perished in a fire aboard Apollo 1.
1973 – US & North Vietnam’s William Rogers & Nguyen Duy Trinh sign cease-fire, ending longest US war and military draft. 

Births & Deaths:1756 – Austrian composer, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, was born.
2018Swedish entrepreneur Ingvar Kamprad—who founded the home furnishings retailer IKEA, which was the world’s largest seller of furniture in the early 21st century—died at age 91. 

Sport: 1894 – 1st college basketball game, University of Chicago beats Chicago YMCA 19-11. 

Music: 1956 – “Heartbreak Hotel” single released by Elvis Presley, his first million-selling single. 

 TV & Film: 1970 – Movie rating system modifies “M” rating to “PG”. 

Via Britannica / On This Day

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