On This Day…

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1734Augustus III was crowned king of Poland.
1773 – Captain James Cook becomes 1st to cross Antarctic Circle (66° 33′ S).
1873 – A group of Modoc warriors defeats the United States Army in the First Battle of the Stronghold, a part of the Modoc War.
1893Acting for Hawaiian sugar interests and their American allies, a committee led by Sanford Ballard Dole deposed Hawaiian Queen Liliuokalani this day in 1893 and installed a provisional government with Dole as president.
1912 – British explorer Robert Falcon Scott and four members of his expedition reached the South Pole, only to discover that Roald Amundsen had preceded them by a month; Scott and his men subsequently died returning to their base camp.
1917The United States purchased three of the Virgin Islands—St. Thomas, St. John, and St. Croix—from Denmark for $25 million.
1946 – United Nations Security Council holds its 1st meeting.
1991 – Operation Desert Storm begins, with US-led coalition forces bombing Iraq, during the Gulf War.
1995A large-scale earthquake struck the Ōsaka-Kōbe (Hanshin) metropolitan area, killing an estimated 6,400 people and causing major damage. 

Births & Deaths:1706American author, inventor, and diplomat Benjamin Franklin—who, as one of the foremost Founding Fathers, helped draft the Declaration of Independence—was born.
1820English poet and novelist Anne Brontë, sister of Charlotte and Emily Brontë, was born.
1922American actress Betty White, who was best known for her comedic work on numerous television shows, was born.
1942American professional boxer Muhammad Ali was born in Louisville, Kentucky. 

Music: 1976 – “I Write the Songs” by Barry Manilow hits #1. 

TV & Film: 1984 – Supreme Court rules (5-4) that private use of home VCRs to tape TV programs for later viewing does not violate federal copyright laws.

Via Britannica / On This Day 

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