1526 – Charles V and Francis I sign the Treaty of Madrid, forcing Francis to give up claims to Burgundy, Italy and Flanders.
1641 – United East Indian Company conquers city of Malacca, 7,000 killed.
1724 – Spanish King Philip V abdicates throne.
1761 – Third Battle of Panipat: In one of the largest battles of the century, the mostly Muslim Afghani Durrani Empire defeats the mostly Hindu Maratha Empire in Northern India. An estimated 60,000–70,000 were killed in the fighting and about 40,000 Maratha prisoners massacred afterwards.
1784 – US Revolutionary War ends with the US Congress of the Confederation ratifying the Treaty of Paris.
1954 – Baseball player Joe DiMaggio and actress Marilyn Monroe married at City Hall in San Francisco.
1970 – Diana Ross and the Supremes staged their final concert, as Ross subsequently embarked on a solo career.
2005 – The Huygens entry probe landed on Saturn’s largest moon, Titan; it marked the first time a spacecraft landed on a planetary surface in the outer solar system.
2011 – Tunisian president Ben Ali, flees to Saudi Arabia after popular protests known as the Jasmine Revolution.
Births & Deaths:1861 – Mehmed VI, the last sultan of the Ottoman Empire, was born.
1941 – American actress Faye Dunaway, who was known for her tense, absorbing performances, was born.
Music: 1900 – Giacomo Puccini’s opera “Tosca” premieres in Rome
TV & Film: 1952 – “Today Show” premieres with Dave Garroway & Jack Lescoulie on NBC-TV.
Via Britannica / On The Day