1599– Jacob van Neck’s fleet leaves Bantam, Java in modern day Indonesia with 1 million pounds of pepper and cloves and a further half a ship full of nutmeg, mace and cinnamon.
1838– First public demonstration of telegraph message sent using dots & dashes at Speedwell Ironworks, Morristown, New Jersey by Samuel Morse and Alfred Vail.
1908 – U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt declares the massive Grand Canyon in northwesternArizona a national monument.
1922– Insulin first used on humans to treat diabetes, on Canadian Leonard Thompson, aged 14.
1935 – Amelia Earhart, one of the world’s most celebrated aviators, made the first successful solo flight from Hawaii to California, a distance longer than that from the United States to Europe.
1964– 1st government report warning by US Surgeon General Luther Terry that smoking may be hazardous.
2008 – New Zealand mountain climber and explorer Sir Edmund Hillary—who, with the Tibetan mountaineerTenzing Norgay, was the first to summit Mount Everest—died.
2010 – Miep Gies, the last survivor of a small group of people who helped hide a Jewish girl, Anne Frank, and her family from the Nazis during World War II, dies at age 100 in the Netherlands.
Film: 1927– Louis B. Mayer head of film studio MGM announces creation of Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.
Via Britannica / On This Day