49 – BC Julius Caesar defies the Roman Senate and crosses the Rubicon, uttering “alea iacta est” (the die is cast), signaling the start of civil war which would lead to his appointment as Roman dictator for life.
1429 – Order of Golden Fleece established in Austria-Hungary & Spain.
1475 – Stephen III of Moldavia defeats the Ottoman Empire at the Battle of Vaslui.
1776 – “Common Sense” Pamphlet by Thomas Paine, published advocating American independence.
1839 – Tea from India 1st arrives in UK.
1946 – UN General Assembly meets for 1st time in London.
1946 – Radar signals bouncing off the Moon were detected for the first time.
1963 – Kenya declares its independence from Britain. The East African nation is freed from its colonial oppressors, but its struggle for democracy is far from over.
1984 – The United States and the Vatican established diplomatic relations after a 117-year break.
2019 – Oceans warming faster than previous thought due to fossil fuel burning, according to data published in journal “Science”.
Music: 1958 - Jerry Lee Lewis’ “Great Balls of Fire” reaches #1 on the UK pop charts
Births & Deaths: 2016 – British singer, songwriter, and actor David Bowie—who transformed himself from a traditional pop crooner into a trendsetting international superstar best known for his metamorphic personae (on- and offstage), abrupt shifts in musical genres, and status as a fashion icon—died in New York.
1924 – American jazz drummer and percussionist Max Roach was born.
Via Britannica / On This Day