On This Day…

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563 - The Byzantine church Hagia Sophia in Constantinople is dedicated for the second time after being destroyed by earthquakes.
1565 – Compromise of the Nobles in Habsburg Netherlands closes against inquisition.
1814 – Treaty of Ghent signed, ending the War of 1812 between the United States, the United Kingdom and their allies.
1923 – President Calvin Coolidge touches a button and lights up the first national Christmas tree to grace the White House grounds.
1936– 1st radioactive isotope medicine administered in Berkeley, California.
1943– US President FDR appoints General Eisenhower Supreme Commander of the Allied forces.
1979 – The Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan to aid the Afghan communist government in its conflict with anticommunist Muslim guerrillas during the Afghan War.
1992– US President George H. W. Bush pardons Caspar Weinberger for Iran-contra affair.
1997 – Japanese actor Mifune Toshirō, known internationally for his energetic, flamboyant portrayals of samurai characters, especially in films directed by Kurosawa Akira, died near Tokyo. 

Film: 1922 - BBC broadcasts first British radio play “The Truth about Father Christmas” 

Music: 1818 – Christmas carol “Silent Night” composed by Franz Xaver Gruber is first sung at St Nicholas parish church in Oberndorf, Austria.
1871 –Giusseppi Verdi’s “Aida” opera premieres in Cairo. 

 Via Britannica / On This Day 

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