536 – Byzantine General Belisarius enters Rome while the Ostrogothic garrison peacefully leaves the city, returning the old capital to its empire.
1212 – Frederick II (later also Holy Roman Emperor) crowned King of Germany in Mainz.
1917 – After Turkish troops move out of the region after only a single day s fighting, officials of the Holy City of Jerusalem offer the keys to the city to encroaching British troops.
1968 – NLS (a system for which hypertext and the computer mouse were developed) is publicly demonstrated for the first time in San Francisco.
1978 –1st game of Women’s Pro Basketball League (WBL), Chicago Hustle vs Milwaukee Does.
1979 – Some 10 years after the World Health Organization began a global vaccination program against smallpox, the disease was officially declared eradicated.
1987 – In the Israeli-occupied Gaza Strip, the first riots of the Palestinian intifada, or “shaking off” in Arabic, begin one day after an Israeli truck crashed into a station wagon carrying Palestinian workers in the Jabalya refugee district of Gaza, killing four and wounding 10.
1990 – Lech Wałęsa wins Poland’s 1st direct presidential election in Poland.
1990 – Slobodan Milošević was re–elected president of Serbia at the head of the Socialist Party, formerly the League of Communists of Serbia (LCS).
1992 – Operation Restore Hope: US Marines land in Somalia.
1992 – British Prime Minister John Major announces the formal separation of Charles, Prince of Wales and heir to the British throne, and his wife, Princess Diana.
1998 – The United Nations General Assembly declared anti-Semitism a form of racism.
2017 – Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi declares victory over the Islamic State in Iraq, ending more than 3 years of convict.
Film: 1960 – 1st broadcast of “Coronation Street” on British ITV
2017 – “Star Wars: The Last Jedi” directed by Rian Johnson, starring Mark Hamill, Carrie Fisher, Daisy Ridley, John Boyega and Adam Driver premieres in Los Angeles.
Music: 1964 – John Coltrane’s Quartet records their greatest work “A Love Supreme” at Van Gelder Studio in Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey.
Via Britannica / On This Day