On this day

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In 1790 French Revolution: The Civil Constitution of the Clergy is adopted, putting the Catholic Church in France under the control of the state.

In 1862, President Abraham Lincoln signs into law a measure calling for the awarding of a U.S. Army Medal of Honor, in the name of Congress, “to such noncommissioned officers and privates as shall most distinguish themselves by their gallantry in action, and other soldier-like qualities during the present insurrection.”.

In 1957 US Surgeon General Leroy Burney connects smoking with lung cancer.

In 1962 First performance of the Rolling Stones. The British rock band performed for the first time as a group at the Marquee Club in London.

In 1990 just two days after Mikhail Gorbachev was re-elected head of the Soviet Communist Party, Boris Yeltsin, president of the Republic of Russia, announced his resignation from the Party.

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