1477 – First English dated printed book “Dictes & Sayengis of the Phylosophers” by William Caxton.
1626 – St. Peter’s Basilica is consecrated, replacing earlier basilica, the world’s largest Christian basilica.
1903 – Philippe-Jean Bunau-Varilla, representing Panama, met with U.S. Secretary of State John Hay to negotiate the Hay–Bunau-Varilla Treaty, which gave the United States a strip 10 miles (16 km) wide across the Isthmus of Panama for construction of the Panama Canal.
1905 – Prince Charles (Carl) of Denmark was elected king of Norway as Haakon VII.
1916 – British General Douglas Haig finally calls off the 1st Battle of the Somme in World War I after more than 1 million soldiers had been killed or wounded.
1978 – In Jonestown, Guyana 918 members of the Peoples Temple are murdered or commit suicide under the leadership of cult leader Jim Jones.
1993 – Black & white leaders in South Africa approve a new democratic constitution.
Sport: 1990 1st Solheim Cup Women’s Golf, Lake Nona G & CC: the US beats Europe 11½-4½ in the inaugural event; Kathy Whitworth US captain; Mickey Walker Europe skipper.
Music: 2011 “The X Factor” group One Direction release their debut album “Up All Night” in Ireland and the UK.
TV & Film: 1928 Walt Disney’s “Steamboat Willie” released, first Mickey Mouse sound cartoon.
Via Britannica / On This Day