1680 – Gottfried Kirch discovers the Great Comet of 1680 (Kirch’s Comet/Newton’s Comet). 1851 – Harper & Brothers published Herman Melville’s masterpiece, Moby Dick.
1896 – Power plant at Niagara Falls begins operation 1908 – Albert Einstein presents his quantum theory of light.
1914 – In Constantinople, capital of the Ottoman Empire, the religious leader Sheikh-ul-Islam declares an Islamic holy war on behalf of the Ottoman government.
1920 – The Russian Bolshevik army occupies Sebastopol, ending anti-communist attempts to regain the government of Russia.
1935 – King Ḥussein, whose reign (1953–99) marked the shaping of the modern kingdom of Jordan, was born.
1941 – Suspicion, a romantic thriller starring Cary Grant and Joan Fontaine and directed by Alfred Hitchcock, makes its debut.
1969 – Apollo 12 was launched, carrying a crew of Charles Conrad, Jr., Richard F. Gordon, Jr., and Alan L. Bean, and five days later the mission made the second landing on the Moon.
Television: 1922 – BBC begins daily radio broadcasts from the 2LO transmitter at Marconi House.
Music: 1960 – Ray Charles’ “Georgia On My Mind” reaches #1.
Via Britannica / On This Day