1789 – Benjamin Franklin writes “Nothing . . . certain but death & taxes”.
1933 – 1st modern sit-down strike by Hormel meatpackers in Austin, Minnesota.
1956 – US Supreme court rules race separation on buses in Alabama unconstitutional.
1980 – US spacecraft Voyager 1 sends back 1st close-up pictures of Saturn.
1982 – Near the end of a weeklong national salute to Americans who served in the Vietnam War, the Vietnam Veterans Memorial is dedicated in Washington after a march to its site by thousands of veterans of the conflict.
1985 – Nevado del Ruiz volcano erupts in Colombia, killing 25,000 in the town of Armero 2001 – On the heels of the U.S.-led invasion of Afghanistan prompted by the deadly terrorist attacks of September 11, the army of the anti-Taliban Northern Alliance captured the capital city of Kabul.
2015 – Terrorists staged coordinated attacks in Paris and its environs, the deadliest occurring at the Bataclan theatre and concert hall; in all, at least 130 people were killed and more than 350 were wounded.
Film: 1940 – “Fantasia” animated film by Walt Disney, starring Leopold Stokowski and Deems Taylor, is released.
Music: 2002 – Eminem releases single ‘Lose Yourself’ from the soundtrack of “8 Mile”, 1st rap song to win Academy Award Best Original Song.
Via Britannica / On This Day