764 – Tibetan troops occupy Chang’an for 15 days, capital of the Chinese Tang Dynasty.
1833 – The great Leonid meteor shower, in which hundreds of thousands of meteors were observed in one night, was seen all over North America, initiating the first serious study of meteor showers.
1927 – Leon Trotsky is expelled from the Soviet Communist Party, paving the way for Joseph Stalin to consolidate complete power.
1931 – Abbey Road Studios opened in London and was later made famous by the Beatles, who recorded most of their albums there.
1942 – WWII Naval Battle of Guadalcanal begins between Allied and Japanese forces in the Solomon Islands.
1968 – US Supreme Court: Epperson v. Arkansas, the court declares unconstitutional Arkansas law banning teaching evolution in public schools.
1970 – Cyclone Bhola makes landfall in East Pakistan (Bangladesh) killing up to 500,000, making it the deadliest tropical cyclone ever recorded.
1980 – The U.S. space probe Voyager 1 reached the planet Saturn.
1990 – Japanese Emperor Akihito—according to tradition, the 125th direct descendant of Jimmu, Japan’s legendary first emperor—was formally enthroned on this day in 1990, nearly two years after the death of his father, Hirohito.
2018 – American comic book writer Stan Lee—who helped create such iconic characters and teams as the Fantastic Four, Spider-Man, the Avengers, and the X-Men for Marvel Comics—died at age 95.
Film: 1910 – 1st possible movie stunt: man jumps into the Hudson River from a burning balloon.
Music: 1989 – George Forrest’s musical “Grand Hotel” opens at Martin Beck Theatre NYC for 1018 performances (5 Tony wins)
Via Britannica / On This Day