392 – Roman Emperor Theodosius declares Christian religion the state religion
1519 – 1st meeting of Moctezuma II & Hernán Cortés in Tenochtitlan, Mexico.
1701 – William Penn presents Charter of Priviliges.
1734 – Vincent la Chapelle, master cook to various nobility and royalty, forms Free Masons Lodge in Netherlands.
1837 – One of the first institutions of higher education for women in the United States, Mount Holyoke Female Seminary (now Mount Holyoke College) opened in Massachusetts.
1895 – German physicist Wilhelm Röntgen produces and detects electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as X-rays or Röntgen rays.
1932 – During the Great Depression, Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt easily defeated incumbent Republican Herbert Hoover to win the presidency of the United States.
1923 – Adolf Hitler and Erich Ludendorff attempted to start an insurrection in Germany against the Weimar Republic, but the Beer Hall Putsch, as it became known, was suppressed the following day.
1956 – Comet Arend-Roland was discovered.
1994 – In the U.S. midterm elections, the Republicans won control of the House of Representatives and the Senate for the first time in 40 years; the sweeping victory was partly because of President Bill Clinton’s low popularity at the time.
1960 – Democratic politician John F. Kennedy was narrowly elected president of the United States.
2002 – Iraq disarmament crisis: UN Security Council under Resolution 1441 unanimously approves a resolution on Iraq, forcing Saddam Hussein to disarm or face “serious consequences”.
2013 – The Philippines endured what many consider its worst natural disaster when the country was struck by Super Typhoon Haiyan, one of the most powerful cyclones ever recorded to strike land.
2016 – Republican Donald Trump is elected President of the United States of America, defeating democrat Hillary Clinton, who received 2.9 million more votes
Sport: 2017 Brazilian surfer Rodrigo Koxa breaks the world record for surfing the biggest-ever wave at 24.4m at Nazaré, Portugal.
Music: 1999 Tenor Andrea Bocelli releases his “Sacred Arias” album, the world’s best-selling classical album by a single artist.
TV & Film: 1966 Movie actor Ronald Reagan elected Governor of California.
Via Britannica / On This Day