1875 – Verney Cameroon reaches Benguela in Angola, from Africa’s east coast, 1st European to cross equatorial Africa.
1936 – The British Broadcasting Corporation officially launched its first television channel, which was also the world’s first regular TV service.
1944 – Auschwitz begins gassing inmates.
1953 – Pakistan becomes an Islamic republic.
1977 – Microbiologist Carl R. Woese and scientists from the University of Illinois announced the identification of methanogens, a form of microbial life (Archaea) dating back some 3.5 billion years.
1983 – “Thriller” single released worldwide by Michael Jackson.
1989 – “Blackadder Goes Forth” final episode “Goodbyeee” airs starring Rowan Atkinson and Tony Robinson, written by Richard Curtis and Ben Elton.
2000 – The first crew arrives at the International Space Station.
2004 – George W. Bush is re-elected as President of the United States, defeating Democrat candidate John Kerry.
Via Britannica / On This Day