939 – Athelstan, the first king to rule over all of England, died.
1932 – American poet and novelist Sylvia Plath—whose best-known works are preoccupied with alienation, death, and self-destruction—was born.
1955 – “Rebel Without a Cause”, directed by Nicholas Ray, starring James Dean and Natalie Wood, is released
1960 – Singer Ben E. King records “Spanish Harlem” & “Stand By Me”
1978 – Anwar Sadat of Egypt and Menachem Begin of Israel were awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace for negotiations that resulted first in the Camp David Accords, then in a peace treaty between their countries.
1962 – Complicated and tension-filled negotiations between the United States and the Soviet Union finally result in a plan to end the two-week-old Cuban Missile Crisis.
1982 – China announces its population has reached 1 billion-plus people
1986 – British government deregulates financial markets in a “Big Bang”, enhancing London’s status as a financial capital while increasing income inequality
2017 – Catalonia’s parliament voted to declare the region independent from Spain, resulting in the central government dismissing that legislative body and calling for new elections, in which the majority of seats were claimed by the pro-independence movement.
Via Britannica / On This Day