In 2016 – Theresa May, the Conservative Party leader, became the second woman prime minister of the United Kingdom, replacing David Cameron, who resigned after the country voted to leave the European Union.
1930 – The first soccer World Cup began in Montevideo, Uruguay, with 13 teams taking part.
1943 – Greatest tank battle in history ends with Russia’s defeat of Germany at Kursk, almost 6,000 tanks take part, 2,900 lost by Germany
1985 – Live Aid, a rock concert masterminded by Bob Geldof, took place in London and Philadelphia and raised over $60 million for famine in Africa.
1992 – Yitzhak Rabin took over as Israeli prime minister with an immediate offer to travel to the capitals of his Arab enemies in search of Middle East peace.
2000 – Vietnam signed a landmark trade deal with the United States that cleared the way for normal trade relations between former enemies for the first time since the Vietnam War.