Monsoon destroys Rohingya shelters, sparking record UN emergency food agency response in Bangladesh

epaselect epa07785391 Rohingya refugees stands in front of UN and Bangladesh refugee commission office at Shalbagan repartition camp, during the repartition day in Teknuf, Cox?s Bazar, Bangladesh, 22 August 2019. The Bangladeshi refugee commissioner said only 21 families out of 1,056 selected for repatriation were willing to be interviewed by officials about whether they wanted to return. Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh camps are said to fear they will face violence and oppression once back in Myanmar, media added. EPA-EFE/SUMAN PAUL

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Unusually heavy monsoon rains have inundated shelters in refugee camps in southern Bangladesh creating “havoc”, the World Food Programme (WFP) said, as it launched its biggest emergency response of the year for displaced Rohingya families.

At a regular briefing in Geneva, WFP spokesperson Hervé Verhoosel said that 16,000 people had received food assistance in just 24 hours – more than all those reached since the monsoon season began in June.

The flooding was “much bigger” than usual, Verhoosel insisted, adding that the area of Teknaf was worst affected, thanks to record rainfall this week.

Relaying information from colleagues in Cox’s Bazar – a series of camps that have been home to hundreds of thousands of mainly Rohingya refugees since they fled a military operation led by the Myanmar military in the summer of 2017 – Verhoosel said that some families had lost everything.

Host communities have also been badly affected, with more than 800 people temporarily displaced by flooding receiving food assistance.

“All that was in the house was basically washed away; what they use as a bed or what they use to cook, or everything was basically lost,” Verhoosel insisted. “They have nothing to cook (with), they have nothing to sleep (on), most of the clothes have been lost. Basically, the little things that they’ve rebuilt since they arrived in the camp was lost in one night of rain.”

In an appeal for funding, the WFP official explained that it costs $16 million every month to feed almost 900,000 refugees in Cox’s Bazar.

For the time being, the agency has supplies prepositioned at strategic locations around the camps which can be distributed quickly.

But without the continued support of the international community, their situation could deteriorate rapidly, Verhoosel maintained.

One of the problems Bangladesh faces is that it is a low-lying country which is prone to flooding during the monsoon season, which usually lasts until October.

The country has also had more erratic monsoons and downpours in recent years as a result of climate change which WFP has sought to counter, by planting 100,000 trees in the camps and host communities to mitigate landslides and flooding.

In addition, engineering and disaster risk reduction work has been ongoing for more than a year and the camps “are significantly safer than they were earlier”, Verhoosel insisted, citing slope stabilization works and better road and drainage systems.

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