Malta is one of four EU countries to have increased CO2 emissions from energy use in 2019, according to data published by Eurostat. Estimates show an overall reduction of 4.3 percent in carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuel combustion in the EU compared with 2018.
The highest decrease was recorded in Estonia, with a drop of 22 percent over a year. Malta, on the other hand, registered the third-highest increase of 2 percent, following Austria (+2.8%) and Luxembourg (+7.5%). At the same time, Malta had the smallest share of total EU emissions from energy use throughout 2019 at 0.1 percent. Germany, the largest contributor, accounts for a quarter of the bloc’s emissions and reduced emissions by 4.6 percent.
Analysts observe that the significant drop across the EU-27 coincides with an increase in the price of the EU emission trading system allowances that came into effect in 2019, making it economically less profitable to use fossil fuels for the production of electricity.
CO2 emissions are generated in the country where the fuels are burned, so imported electricity has no effect on the rates in the purchasing country as emissions would be reported in the country where the electricity has been produced.