History

On This Day…

45 – BC The Julian calendar takes effect for the first time.
630 – Prophet Muhammad sets out with his army towards Mecca, capturing Read more

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1600The East India Company, formed for the exploitation of trade with East and Southeast Asia and India, was incorporated by English royal charter.Read more

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1460 – Wars of the Roses: Battle of Wakefield (Northern England), Duke of York killed and his forces soundly defeated by forces for King Henry Read more

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1835– Treaty of New Echota is signed between the US government and representatives of a minority Cherokee political faction to cede all lands of Read more

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1065– Westminster Abbey in London consecrated.
1612– First observation of Neptune - Galileo observes and records a “fixed star” without realising it is Read more

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1512–  Spanish Crown issues the Laws of Burgos, governing the conduct of settlers with regards to native Indians in the New World.
1657Read more

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1492– 1st Spanish settlement La Navidad in the New World is founded by Christopher Columbus (modern Môle-Saint-Nicolas in Haiti).
1792– Trial Read more

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1– 1st Christmas, according to calendar-maker Dionysus Exiguus.
800 – Pope Leo III crowns Charles the Great (Charlemagne), Roman Emperor.
1066  William the Read more

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563 - The Byzantine church Hagia Sophia in Constantinople is dedicated for the second time after being destroyed by earthquakes.
1565 – Compromise of the Read more

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962 - Byzantine-Arab Wars: Under the future Emperor Nicephorus Phocas, Byzantine troops stormed city of Aleppo, recovering the tattered tunic of John the Baptist.
1688Read more

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1216The Dominican order was sanctioned by Pope Honorius III.
1481The member states of the Swiss Confederation concluded the Diet of Stans, Read more

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1845The Battle of Firoz Shah began between British and Sikh forces during the First Sikh War.
1898 – French Scientists Pierre and Marie Read more

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1522 – Suleiman the Magnificent accepts surrender of the surviving Knights of Rhodes, who are allowed to evacuate. They eventually settle in Malta and become Read more

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1776 – Thomas Paine publishes his 1st “American Crisis” essay beginning”These are the times that try men’s souls” (date disputed).
1777During the Read more

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218 – BC Second Punic War: Battle of the Trebia – Hannibal’s Carthaginian army heavily defeat Roman forces on Italian soil.

1271 – Kublai Khan … Read more

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1398 – Timur (Tamerlane) captures and sacks Delhi, defeating Sultan Nasir-u Din Mehmud’s armies by setting camels loaded with hay alight and charging them at Read more

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533 – Byzantine general Belisarius defeats the Vandals, under King Gelimer, at the Battle of Ticameron.
1256– Hulagu Khan captures and destroys Read more

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644 – Uthman ibn Affan, companion of Muhammad, appointed 3rd Caliph of Islam.
1287– During St. Lucia’s Flood in Northwest Netherlands the Read more

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1577 – Sir Francis Drake sets sail from England on a circumnavigation of the world.
1642 – Dutch navigator Abel Tasman sighted South Island, Read more

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627– Battle at Nineveh: Byzantine Emperor Heraclius beats Sassanid forces during Byzantine-Sassanid War.
1901 – Guglielmo Marconi sends the first transatlantic radio signal, Read more

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1792France’s King Louis XVI goes on trial, accused of high treason and crimes against the state.
1911 – Egyptian novelist and screenplay Read more

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1520– Martin Luther publicly burns papal edict demanding he recant.
1684 – Isaac Newton’s derivation of Kepler’s laws from his theory of gravity, Read more

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536– Byzantine General Belisarius enters Rome while the Ostrogothic garrison peacefully leaves the city, returning the old capital to its empire.
1212– Frederick Read more

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1863 – Abraham Lincoln issues his Amnesty Proclamation and plan for Reconstruction of the South
1941 – US & Britain declare war on Japan, US Read more

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43 BC – Marcus Tullius Cicero, Roman orator and politician is assassinated in Formiae.
1909 Inventor Leo Baekeland patents the first thermosetting plastic, Bakelite, Read more

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1240 – Mongols under Batu Khan occupy and destroy Kiev; out of 50,000 people in the city only 2,000 survive.
1534 – Sebastián de Read more

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771 – Charlemagne becomes the sole King of the Franks after the death of his brother Carloman.
1349 – 500 Jews of Nuremberg massacred during Read more

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1093 – St. Anselm of Canterbury was consecrated as archbishop.
1154 – Adrian IV was elected pope, becoming the only Englishman to occupy the papal Read more