History

On This Day…

1820 – Russian Antarctic Expedition led by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen and Mikhail Lazarev discover the continent of Antarctica.
1825 – US Congress approves Read more

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1482– “Pentateuch” the Jewish Bible is 1st printed as a book in Bologna, Italy.
1531– Lisbon hit by Earthquake; about 30,000 dieRead more

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1554– Founding of the city of São Paulo in Brazil.
1565– Battle at Talikota India: Deccan sultanate destroy Vijayanagar’s army and the Read more

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41 - Claudius succeeds his nephew Caligula as Roman Emperor after the later’s assassination by officers of the Praetorian Guard.
1857 - University of Calcutta Read more

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971– War elephant corps of the Southern Han defeated at Shao by crossbow fire from Song Dynasty troops; Southern Han state forced to submit Read more

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1689– Prince William of Orange (future King William III of Britain), summons Convention Parliament to discuss ruling jointly with his wife Mary (daughter of Read more

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1525– The Swiss Anabaptist Movement is born when Conrad Grebel, Felix Manz, George Blaurock, and a dozen others baptize each other Read more

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1265– First English Parliament summoned other than by royal command (in this instance by Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester) mets in Westminster HallRead more

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379 – Theodosius installed as co-emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire.
1812 – Peninsular War: After a ten-day siege, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, Read more

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1734Augustus III was crowned king of Poland.
1773 – Captain James Cook becomes 1st to cross Antarctic Circle (66° 33′ S).
1873Read more

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588 BCNebuchadrezzar II of Babylon lays siege to Jerusalem under Zedekiah’s reign. The siege lasts until July 23, 586 BC.
1535 – Henry Read more

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1526 – Charles V and Francis I sign the Treaty of Madrid, forcing Francis to give up claims to Burgundy, Italy and Flanders.
1641Read more

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532 – Nika riots begin in Constantinople, revolt against Emperor Justinian I, prompted by chariot racing.
1785 – John Walter publishes 1st issue of Read more

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1599– Jacob van Neck’s fleet leaves Bantam, Java in modern day Indonesia with 1 million pounds of pepper and cloves and a further half Read more

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49 – BC Julius Caesar defies the Roman Senate and crosses the Rubicon, uttering “alea iacta est” (the die is cast), signaling the Read more

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1431 – Judges’ investigations for the trial of Joan of Arc begin in Rouen, France, the seat of the English occupation government.
1760– Read more

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1656– Oldest surviving commercial newspaper begins (Haarlem, Netherlands).
1790– 1st US President George Washington delivers 1st state of the union address.
1835– Read more

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1610 – During this month in 1610, Italian astronomer Galileo made the earthshaking discoveries that four moons revolve around Jupiter and that the telescope reveals Read more

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Celebrated annually this day, Epiphany is a major feast that commemorates, for Western Christians, the coming of the Magi and, for Eastern Orthodox Christians, Jesus’ Read more

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1847 – Samuel Colt sells his first revolver pistol to the United States government.
1865 – New York Stock Exchange opens its 1st permanent headquarters Read more

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1496 – Leonardo da Vinci unsuccessfully tests a flying machine.
1521 – Martin Luther is Excommunicated by Pope Leo X from the Roman Catholic Church Read more

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366 – The Alamanni cross the frozen Rhine River in large numbers, invading the Roman Empire.
1492 – Muhammad XII, the last Emir of Read more

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45 – BC The Julian calendar takes effect for the first time.
630 – Prophet Muhammad sets out with his army towards Mecca, capturing Read more

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1600The East India Company, formed for the exploitation of trade with East and Southeast Asia and India, was incorporated by English royal charter.Read more

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1460 – Wars of the Roses: Battle of Wakefield (Northern England), Duke of York killed and his forces soundly defeated by forces for King Henry Read more

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1835– Treaty of New Echota is signed between the US government and representatives of a minority Cherokee political faction to cede all lands of Read more

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1065– Westminster Abbey in London consecrated.
1612– First observation of Neptune - Galileo observes and records a “fixed star” without realising it is Read more

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1512–  Spanish Crown issues the Laws of Burgos, governing the conduct of settlers with regards to native Indians in the New World.
1657Read more

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1492– 1st Spanish settlement La Navidad in the New World is founded by Christopher Columbus (modern Môle-Saint-Nicolas in Haiti).
1792– Trial Read more