History

On This Day…

1642Georgeana (York) in Maine becomes the 1st incorporated American city.
1780 – Pennsylvania becomes 1st US state to abolish slavery (for newborns only)Read more

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1704 – The town of Deerfield, Massachusetts, was razed in the bloodiest battle of Queen Anne’s War.
1768 – The Confederation of Bar was organized Read more

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202 – BC Coronation ceremony of Liu Bang as Emperor Gaozu of Han takes place, initiating four centuries of the Han Dynasty’s rule over China.Read more

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1776 – At the Battle of Moore’s Creek Bridge, North Carolinian revolutionaries defeated loyalists during the American Revolution.
1884 – Paul Kruger, president of the Read more

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1616 – Roman Inquisition delivers injunction to Galileo demanding he abandon his belief in heliocentrism, which states the Earth and planets revolve around the Sun.Read more

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1570 – Pius V excommunicates Queen Elizabeth I of England for heresy and persecution of English Catholics during her reign. Also absolves her subjects from Read more

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303 – 1st official Roman edict for persecution of Christians issued by Emperor Diocletian.
1525 – Battle of Pavia: Holy Roman Emperor Charles V’s troops Read more

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303– Roman Emperor Diocletian begins his policy of persecuting Christians, razing the church at Nicomedia
1455– Johannes Gutenberg prints his first Bible (estimated Read more

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1632 – Galileo’s “Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems” is published.
1774 – British House of Lords rules authors do not have perpetual copyright.Read more

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1173– Pope Alexander III canonizes Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury
1613– Michael Romanov, son of Patriarch of Moscow, elected first Russian Tsar of Read more

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1792– US postal service created, postage 6-12 cents depending on distance.
1872– New York’s Metropolitan Museum of Art opens.
1873– British Naval Read more

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356  Emperor Constantius II shuts all heathen temples.
1600– Peruvian stratovolcano Huaynaputina explodes in the most violent eruption in South American recorded Read more

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1519– Hernán Cortés leaves Cuba for the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico with 11 ships and 500 men.
1678– John Bunyan’s “Pilgrim’s Progress” is Read more

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1568– Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian II agrees to pay tribute to the Ottoman Empire for peace.
1865– Columbia, South Carolina, burns down Read more

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1659 – 1st known cheque (£400) (on display at Westminster Abbey).
1840 – American Charles Wilkes discovers Shackleton Ice Shelf, Antarctica.
1918Read more

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1014 – Pope Benedict VIII crowns Henry II Holy Roman Emperor.
1076 – Pope Gregory VII excommunicates Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV (for the Read more

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1258 – Baghdad falls to the Mongols as the Abbasid Caliphate is destroyed.
1542King Henry VIII of England had Catherine Howard, his Read more

On This Day…

1858 – First vision of the Virgin Mary to 14-year-old Bernadette of Lourdes, France.
1929 – Vatican City (world’s smallest country) made an enclave Read more

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60 – St Paul thought to have been shipwrecked at Malta
1720 – Edmond Halley appointed as the second Astronomer Royal at the Greenwich Read more

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474 - Zeno crowned as co-emperor of the Byzantine Empire together with his son Leo II.
1775– British Parliament declares Massachusetts colony is in Read more

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1672– Isaac Newton reads 1st optics paper before Royal Society in London.
1807– Battle of Eylau ends inconclusively between Napoleon’s forces and Russian Read more

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1508– Maximilian I proclaimed Holy Roman Emperor, 1st Emperor in centuries not to be crowned by the Pope.
1778– France recognizes USA, Read more

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146BCE – The Third Punic War, the last of three between Rome and Carthage, came to an end this day in 146 , culminating in Read more

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211 - Roman Emperor Septimius Severus dies, leaving the Roman Empire in the hands of his two quarrelsome sons, Caracalla and Geta.
960 - Read more

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1451Sultan Mehmed II, the Conqueror inherits the throne of the Ottoman Empire.
1509The Battle of Diu, naval battle at port of Read more

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1653 – New Amsterdam becomes a city (later renamed New York).
1848 – Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends the Mexican-American War: US acquires Texas, California, Read more

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1587 – Queen Elizabeth I of England signs death warrant for her cousin, Mary, Queen of Scots.
1790The first session of the Supreme Read more

On This Day…

1865 – Congress passes the 13th Amendment, abolishing slavery in America (passes 121-24).
1865 – General Robert E. Lee named Commander-in-Chief of Confederate Armies during Read more