History

On This Day…

1401 – Turko-Mongol ruler Tamerlane (Timur) destroys Baghdad, killing 20,000 

1540 – The marriage of King Henry VIII of England and his fourth wife, Anne Read more

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1687 – Isaac Newton’s great work Principia published by Royal Society in England, outlining his laws of motion and universal gravitation

1811 – Venezuelan Declaration … Read more

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1776 – US Congress proclaims the Declaration of Independence and independence from Britain

1785 – James Hutton, geologist, publicly reads an abstract of his theory … Read more

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324 – Battle of Adrianople: Roman Emperor Constantine I defeats his co-emperor Licinius, who flees to Byzantium

1187 – Battle of Horns of Hattin: Saladin, … Read more

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1520 – Spanish conquistadors are expelled from Tenochtitlan following an Aztec revolt against their rule under Hernán Cortés during “La Noche Triste” (the Night of Read more

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1613 – Shakespeare’s Globe Theatre in London, England, burns down during a performance of “Henry VIII” 

1900 – The Imperial Chinese Court issues what is Read more

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1389 – Ottomans defeat Serbian army in the bloody Battle of Kosovo, opening the way for the Ottoman conquest of Southeastern Europe

1519 – King … Read more

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363 – Roman Emperor Julian is killed during retreat from the Sassanid Empire. General Jovian is proclaimed Emperor by troops on the battlefield.

1794 – … Read more

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1678 – Venetian Elena Cornaro Piscopia is awarded a doctorate of philosophy, the 1st woman to receive a university doctoral degree or PhD

1876 – … Read more

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930– World’s oldest parliament, the Icelandic Parliament, the Alþingi (anglicised as Althing or Althingi), established 

1868– Christopher Latham Sholes patents the Sholes and Read more

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1788 – US Constitution comes into effect when New Hampshire is the 9th state to ratify it

1854 – First Victoria Cross won during bombardment … Read more

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451 – Battle of the Catalaunian Plains: Roman and Visigoths forces defeat Attila the Hun in north east France

1214 – The University of Oxford … Read more

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1829 – Sir Robert Peel introduces the Metropolitan Police Act 1829 into Parliament to establish a unified police force for London

1862 – Slavery outlawed … Read more

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1858 – Abraham Lincoln says “A house divided against itself cannot stand” accepting Illinois Republican Party’s nomination for the Senate

1880 – Salvation Army forms … Read more

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763 BC– Assyrians record a solar eclipse that will be used to fix the chronology of Mesopotamian history 

1215– King John signs Magna Read more

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1381 – Richard II in England meets leaders of Peasants’ Revolt on Blackheath. The Tower of London is stormed by rebels who enter without resistanceRead more

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1373 – Anglo-Portuguese Treaty of Alliance (world’s oldest extant) signed in London

1866 – US House of representatives passes 14th Amendment (Civil rights)

1878 – … Read more

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1381 – Peasants’ Revolt: in England, rebels arrive at Blackheath

1701 – The Act of Settlement, the law that continues to regulate the succession to … Read more

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1184 BC – Trojan War: Troy is sacked and burned, according to calculations by Eratosthenes

631 – Emperor Taizong of Tang of China, sends envoys … Read more

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1190 – Third Crusade: Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa drowns while crossing the Saleph River (modern Turkey) leading an army to Jerusalem

1786 – … Read more

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68 – Roman Emperor Nero commits suicide, imploring his secretary Epaphroditos to slit his throat to evade a Senate-imposed death by flogging

721 – Odo … Read more

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452 – Italy invaded by Attila the Hun

793 – Vikings in long ships from modern-day Norway plunder St Cuthbert’s monastery on Lindisfarne Island, off … Read more

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1849 – The absolute monarchy in Denmark was abolished and replaced by a new constitution that established a constitutional monarchy with a parliament, as well … Read more

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1760 – Great Upheaval: New England planters arrive to claim land in Nova Scotia, Canada taken from the Acadians

1783 – Joseph-Michel and Jacques-Étienne Montgolfier … Read more

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1621 – Dutch West India Company (WIC) receives charter for The West Indies (The Americas, Caribbean and West Africa) 

1864Considered one of the Read more

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4000 BC – Approximate domestication of the horse in the Eurasian steppes near Dereivka, central Ukraine (hypothesis only) 

1215 – Beijing, under control of Jurchen Read more

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1279 BC – Ramesses II, also known as Ramesses the Great becomes Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt (19th Dynasty)

1578 – Martin Frobisher sails from Harwich, … Read more

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1453 – Constantinople, capital of the Eastern Roman Empire falls to the Turks under Muhammad II; ends the Byzantine Empire

1592 – Battle of Sacheon: … Read more

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1679 – Habeaus Corpus Act (strengthening person’s right to challenge unlawful arrest & imprisonment) passes in England

1703 – Saint Petersburg (Leningrad) founded by Russian … Read more

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1521 – The Edict of Worms banned the writings of Martin Luther—a German cleric whose efforts to change the church led to the Reformation—and declared … Read more

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1720– The Ship “Le Grand St Antoine” reaches Marseille, bringing Europe’s last major plague outbreak. Kills around 100,000 

1787 – the Constitutional Convention opened Read more

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1595– Nomenclator of Leiden University Library appears, the first printed catalog of an institutional library 

1738– John Wesley is converted, launching the Methodist Read more

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1618– Second Defenestration of Prague: Two Catholic Lords Regent and their secretary are thrown out of a window and amazingly are not seriously injured Read more

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1792– Mount Unzen on Japan’s Shimabara Peninsula, erupts creating a tsunami, killing about 15,000; Japan’s deadliest volcanic eruption 

1832 – 1st Democratic National Convention Read more

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1498– Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama arrives at Calicut, India becoming the first European to reach India by sea 

1784 – The Netherlands yielded Read more